Hamas is a Palestinian group based in the Gaza Strip. It has a political wing and an armed wing. Both are actively struggling for Palestinian independence.
Founded in 1987, Hamas has been a counter group to the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and has been internationally shunned as a terrorist organization because its military wing periodically attacks Israel and its citizens.
Israel's top court has upheld the use of lethal force against Palestinians amid weeks of protests on the Gaza border. The court said the protests took place in the context of Israel's long-running conflict with Hamas.