Germany's security policy during its EU presidency aims to give Europol additional powers in order to better fight international terrorism and cross-border crime. It also calls for improved police cooperation.
Germany would like to see Europol's powers boosted
Germany will push for greater cooperation in European interior policies during its EU presidency, said Germany's interior minister Wolfgang Schäuble. International terrorism, organized crime and illegal migration were increasingly threatening European security, he said.
"All member states must be aware that they would be overtaxed to cope with global security challenges all on their own," Schäuble said Wednesday at the presentation of Germany's security program for its EU presidency.
Schäuble said the EU's police agency Europol, in particular needed strengthening. With additional powers, Europol could fight international terrorism and cross-border crime more effectively, he said.
"In the future, Europol should be responsible for fighting all forms of serious cross-border crime, such as a serial killers active in more than one member state or major disruptions to internal security caused by hooligans," Schäuble told reporters.
Schäuble said he supported the European Commission's proposal last month to strengthen Europol's role. The so-called Europol Convention needed to be transferred into the EU's legal framework, he said. Europol was established in 1992 and took up its full activities in 1999. Over the past years, critics have said it lacks the powers necessary to handle new threats in the growing EU.
EU states should share criminal data
Another priority for Germany is improving police cooperation between member states, Schäuble said.
"Criminals must not have a chance to escape prosecution simply by crossing a border," he said. Germany will work to have the provisions of the Treaty of Prüm turned into EU law.
German police had help from Britain during the World Cup
This agreement aims to establish an infrastructure to step up cross-border cooperation, particularly to combat terrorism, cross-border crime and illegal immigration. It was adopted by Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Spain and The Netherlands in 2005.
The treaty would give all member states access to DNA and fingerprint data, as well as vehicle registries, for example. It would allow them to ask other states for police reinforcements in cases of serious accidents or major international sport competitions, as it did during last year's soccer World Cup in Germany.
The German security program for its EU presidency also called for closer collaboration on monitoring and analyzing Web sites used by terrorist organizations, as well as better protection for critical infrastructure against a terrorist attack.
Finding a common voice in EU foreign policy
The ministry's security program said that the distinctions between domestic and foreign security were disappearing. Threats were often rooted outside of the EU. Member states therefore must work even more closely together on foreign relations, the paper said.
Maintaining a dialogue with its neighbors, with the United States, Russia and other third countries was in the basic security interest of the EU, the program said. In particular, the strategically important transatlantic relations needed to be strengthened. Challenges such as fighting international terrorism affected the United States and Europe equally and could be dealt with only by working together, the ministry said.
Germany will host an informal meeting of EU justice and interior ministers in Dresden from January 14 to 16, 2007 to discuss its recommendations.