ETA is an acronym for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna and refers to an armed Basque nationalist and separatist organization in northern Spain and southwestern France.
ETA was founded in 1959 and developed from a group promoting traditional Basque culture to a paramilitary group engaged in a violent campaign of bombing, assassinations and throughout Spanish territory. Its goal was gaining independence. Since 1989 it repeatedly declared ceasfires and finally a willingness to negotiate a "definitive end" to its operations and disband completely. Here you can find an automatic compilation of all DW content related to ETA.
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The Basque separatist group ETA has announced its disbandment. Between 1968 and 2010, ETA claimed over 800 victims as part of its campaign for an independent Basque state. That bid failed and following a definitive ceasefire by ETA in 2011, many have welcomed the widely anticipated disbandment of the group. But keeping the peace in northern Spain may not be easy as Guy Hedgecoe reports.
After waging a decadeslong struggle, ETA's announcement has marked the definitive end to its bloody campaign for an independent state. But some have rejected the separatist group's declaration, calling it "propaganda."
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