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ETA is an acronym for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna and refers to an armed Basque nationalist and separatist organization in northern Spain and southwestern France.
ETA was founded in 1959 and developed from a group promoting traditional Basque culture to a paramilitary group engaged in a violent campaign of bombing, assassinations and throughout Spanish territory. Its goal was gaining independence. Since 1989 it repeatedly declared ceasfires and finally a willingness to negotiate a "definitive end" to its operations and disband completely. Here you can find an automatic compilation of all DW content related to ETA.
After waging a decadeslong struggle, ETA's announcement has marked the definitive end to its bloody campaign for an independent state. But some have rejected the separatist group's declaration, calling it "propaganda."