The divided Mediterranean island of Cyprus is still hoping for reunification. Turkish troops occupied the northern areas in 1974, in response to a coup backed by Greece. Turkish and Greek Cypriot communities have been separated ever since
Today, the north of the Island is administered by a Turkish Cypriot government. The region declared its independence in 1983 -- but Turkey is the only country that recognizes Northern Cyprus as a sovereign state. The remaining two-thirds of the island has a Greek Cypriot government. Cyprus joined the European Union in 2004. Since the 1974 ceasefire, the Turkish and Greek sides of the island have been separated by a demilitarized zone, which is closely monitored by UN peacekeeping troops. The zone, known as the "Green Line," is approximately 180 km long, and stretches across the entire country from west to east. It divides villages and even the island’s capital city, Nicosia. Over the past decades, both Turkish- and Greek Cypriot communities have grown further apart; many on one side of the border viewing those on the other side with suspicion, even hostility. For this report, Katharina Willinger -- ARD's correspondent for Turkey and Cyprus -- travelled along the border, and met politically active Cypriots who are fighting for reunification, and those who find it difficult to forgive the events of the past.