Communism is a social, political and economic ideology and movement with the ultimate goal of replacing private property with public ownership.
Communism is structured on common ownership of the means of production and natural resources of a society, to replace private property and a private-based economy. French philosopher and writer Victor d'Hupay coined the term in its current meaning in 1777; 16th century English statesman Thomas More is also said to have advocated a form of communism in his book Utopia. In its modern form, communism grew out of the socialist movement in 19th-century Europe.
Countries across Eastern Europe are marking 30 years since the end of communism. In 1989, the most dramatic scenes played out in November when the Berlin Wall fell. But the first big shift was in Poland five months earlier: partially free elections pushed out the communist government and paved the way for free market reforms. But what have these changes meant for women? Alexa Dvorson reports.
Criticism over Ursula von der Leyen's nomination to the EU’s top job – The Syrian War strays into Cyprus – On the red carpet at Karlovy Vary - Have women in Poland been freed from the shackles of Communism? - Sweden moves a step closer to being smoke-free – The waste trade in Turkey – Volunteers ‘Retake Rome’
Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis survived a vote of no-confidence in parliament this week, despite being the subject of the largest demonstrations in the country since the 1989 overthrow of Communism. More than a quarter of a million people took to the streets in protest against his involvement in a corruption scandal. Rob Cameron reports.
A 2012 law in the Czech Republic allowing religious orders to recover assets seized by the Communists after 1948 was widely seen as a major step towards reconciliation between church and state. However, parliament has now passed a bill proposed by the present-day Communist Party that would tax any financial compensation, causing widespread anger. Rob Cameron has more from Prague.
There's been an explosion of interest in the Jewish heritage of Eastern Europe in the three decades since the collapse of communism, with researchers revealing new details about the fate of pre-war Jewish communities, especially what happened to Jewish monuments after the Holocaust. And as Rob Cameron reports from Prague, in the Czech Republic some of those revelations are truly shocking.