Communism is a social, political and economic ideology and movement with the ultimate goal of replacing private property with public ownership.
Communism is structured on common ownership of the means of production and natural resources of a society, to replace private property and a private-based economy. French philosopher and writer Victor d'Hupay coined the term in its current meaning in 1777; 16th century English statesman Thomas More is also said to have advocated a form of communism in his book Utopia. In its modern form, communism grew out of the socialist movement in 19th-century Europe.
A 2012 law in the Czech Republic allowing religious orders to recover assets seized by the Communists after 1948 was widely seen as a major step towards reconciliation between church and state. However, parliament has now passed a bill proposed by the present-day Communist Party that would tax any financial compensation, causing widespread anger. Rob Cameron has more from Prague.
There's been an explosion of interest in the Jewish heritage of Eastern Europe in the three decades since the collapse of communism, with researchers revealing new details about the fate of pre-war Jewish communities, especially what happened to Jewish monuments after the Holocaust. And as Rob Cameron reports from Prague, in the Czech Republic some of those revelations are truly shocking.
Drugs, crime and prostitution flood into a town in eastern Germany after the collapse of communism. It’s not exactly what people there were protesting for. Clemens Meyer's "Bricks and Mortar" is a portrait of a society in upheaval.
Former Polish President Lech Walesa played a key role in the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe. At 75, he told DW that retirement is far from his mind and warned against the path Poland's leaders are taking.
For most Czechs and Slovaks who were alive 50 years ago, the Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia that began the night of August 20, 1968 is etched in their mind. The "Prague Spring" was crushed with the arrival of 2,000 and 500,000 troops. Over 80 civilians were killed. Alexa Dvorson takes us back.