Bucharest is the capital of Romania, and the country's largest city. In the early 20th century, it came to be known as the "Paris of the East."
Bucharest was first mentioned in documents in 1459, and became the capital of Romania in 1862. Many buildings in the historic city center were destroyed during Nicolae Ceausescu's dictatorship in his program of so-called "systematization," and replaced by communist tower blocks. The Romanian capital is home to the world's second biggest administrative building after the Pentagon: the Palace of Parliament, erected in the 1980s under Ceausescu's regime. Here you can find an automatic compilation of DW content on Bucharest.
On April 8, Romania's former president Ion Iliescu and two other officials were charged with crimes against humanity. The trio stand accused of fomenting an atmosphere of chaos and confusion during the 1989 revolution that overthrew the communist regime of dictator Nicolae Ceausescu. From Bucharest, Kit Gillet reports.
Last weekend Romanians voted on whether to constitutionally redefine marriage as the union between a man and a woman. The current definition of marriage uses the gender-neutral term "spouses." In order for the result to be binding, 30 percent of voters needed to take part, but just 20 percent showed up to vote. Keith Walker asks Bucharest-based journalist Kit Gillet why the referendum failed.
Romania has opened an enquiry into alleged police violence at a mass anti-corruption protest against the left-wing government that left hundreds injured last week. Keith Walker speaks with Kit Gillet — a reporter based in Bucharest who was at the demonstration — and starts by asking him to explain the background to the protests.