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Inadequate and insufficient

Shamil ShamsDecember 15, 2014

Environmentalists and common citizens have criticized Dhaka's response to the oil spill in the country's largest mangrove forest, which is threatening aquatic life in the UNESCO World heritage site.

Bangladeshi villagers collect oil from their skiff in the Shela River in Mongla on December 12, 2014, after an oil-tanker carrying 350,000 litres of furnace oil collided with another vessel (Photo: STRDEL/AFP/Getty Images)
Image: STRDEL/AFP/Getty Images

The Bangladeshi authorities say a huge clean-up is underway in the Sundarbans delta. On Tuesday, December 9, a tanker sank and dumped hundreds of liters of furnace oil into the country's protected delta after a collision with another vessel. The oil has spread over 350-square-kilometer area straddling Bangladesh and India. Officials in New Delhi say they are on high alert to deal with the likely flow of oil into their waters.

According to Abul Kalam Azad, a Bangladeshi forestry official, the tanker had been retrieved from the Shela River and towed to a nearby river island. The Bangladesh Inland Water Transport Authority (BIWTA) said the fishermen had been deployed for the next three days to remove the oil.

The South Asian country's shipping minister, Shahjahan Khan, told news agency DPA a naval ship was monitoring the accident site and immediately sprayed oil spill dispersant to mitigate the damage.

An oil spill from a Bangladeshi oil-tanker is seen on the Shela River in Mongla on December 12, 2014 (Photo: STRDEL/AFP/Getty Images)
The spill will have a long-term ecological impact, say expertsImage: STRDEL/AFP/Getty Images

On Saturday, December 13, the minister enraged the environmentalists by claiming that the spill impact would cause "no major damage" to the mangroves. The activists promptly decried Khan's statement and expressed concern about the biodiversity of the 140,000-hectare Sundarbans, which is one of the largest mangroves in the world, and a sanctuary for rare Ganges and Irabati dolphins, the Begal tiger, estuarine crocodile and Indian python.

An ecological catastrophe

Maqsood Kamal, a Bangladeshi disaster management expert, blamed the authorities for their slow response to the catastrophe. "For nearly 30 hours, the government did not do anything. Had the officials taken immediate measures, things could have been under control by now, but the spill is now spreading," Kamal told DW.

"It will have a long-term impact on the biodiversity of the area. In other parts of the world, there is a proper disaster management system; in Bangladesh, we are usually mere spectators of the crisis," he added.

Ganges river dolphin (Photo: Mohammad Zahidul Haque)
Sundarbans is a sanctuary for rare Ganges and Irabati dolphinsImage: Rubaiyat Mansur

Pauline Tamesis, country director of the United Nations Development Programme in Bangladesh, also expressed alarm over the incident and said that Dhaka should immediately halt the commercial shipping routes through the forest.

On Sunday, a Bangladeshi newspaper published the photo of a dead dolphin, claiming it was found near the accident site. It could not be verified if the mammal had died because of the oil spill.

Moirul Khan, a zoology professor at Dhaka's Jahangirnagar University, warned the spill could be "the largest catastrophe to have happened in this fragile mangrove ecosystem."

Social media response

Meanwhile, Bangladeshi citizens vented out their anger and frustration against the authorities for their disaster response. They criticized Shahjahan Khan for downplaying the impact of the spill, and posted photographs of the dead animals on Twitter as proof of the intensity of the ecological crisis.