The Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp was the main site for the extermination of Jews by the Nazis during the Holocaust. It was liberated on January 27, 1945.
January 27, the day Soviet troops liberated the surviving prisoners at Auschwitz is now commemorated as "International Holocaust Remembrance Day." From 1942 to 1944, Jews, Sinti and Roma, homosexuals and political opponents to the Nazis from all over German-occupied Europe were brought to the camp and its gas chambers. At least 1.1 million prisoners died at Auschwitz, around 90 percent of them Jewish. The museum on the site of Auschwitz I and II is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This is a collection of DW's latest content related to the concentration camp.
World leaders marked Holocaust Memorial Day with a ceremony at Auschwitz, where at least 1.1 million people, mostly Jews, died. However often overshadowed is the mass killing of Europe's Roma and Sinti populations. In Nazi-occupied Bohemia and Moravia, for example, as many as 90% of the pre-war population of around 6,000 were killed. Rob Cameron has this report from the Czech capital, Prague.
Seventy-five years after the liberation of the Auschwitz death camp, anti-semitism is on the rise in Germany. So, why have the lessons of the Holocaust not been learned? Our Guests: Ruth Ur (Yad Vashem Germany), Matthias Heyl (Historian), Albert Steinberger (DW)
Israeli President Reuven Rivlin told pupils more should be done to ensure future generations know about the Holocaust. Germany's Frank-Walter Steinmeier urged the children to visit Yad Vashem and former Nazi death camps.
It is not enough to commemorate all those killed by the Nazis on Holocaust Remembrance Day. Germany must do much more to fight anti-Semitism at home, and there's no time to wait, says DW Editor-in-Chief Ines Pohl.
Hundreds of Holocaust survivors have joined delegates from world governments at the Auschwitz concentration camp on the 75th anniversary of its liberation. Jewish groups urged Germany to do more to combat anti-Semitism.
January 27 marks the 75th anniversary of the Soviet Red Army's liberation of the notorious Nazi death camp of Auschwitz in southern Poland. The date is now commemorated annually as Holocaust Memorial Day. Some 1.1 million people — mostly Jews — were killed at Auschwitz by Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime during World War II. Our correspondent Julian Berner visited Auschwitz and files this report.
A German journalist has come under fire for writing that Russia and Israel exploited a Holocaust remembrance ceremony for their own agendas. She said the memorial missed an opportunity to stand against anti-Semitism.