To prevent the demolition, protesters -- some of whom had been imprisoned by the East German regime -- had chained themselves to a few of the 1,065 wooden crosses that stood near the former Checkpoint Charlie border crossing between sections of a fake Berlin Wall.
But police officers cordoned off the area to let construction workers begin to dismantle the field of crosses and two mock slabs of the Berlin Wall erected in memory of those who died attempting to escape communist East Germany.
The forced removal of the display came about because the memorial's initiator had refused to take it down despite demands by the land owners to do so. Alexandra Hildebrandt, who also runs the nearby Checkpoint Charlie museum, insisted on keeping the crosses even though she had lost the lease on the land.
No money from Bush
Hildebrandt had tried to come up with millions of euros to buy the land, even reportedly writing to US President George W. Bush to help her keep the memorial intact.
The demolition was opposed by several groups, including the representatives of Republicans Abroad and several members of Berlin's opposition Christian Democratic Union. The city's tourism head had also voiced his concern that removal would not help the city as thousands of tourists visited the site each day.
But the city's government, which consists of Social Democrats and the Party of Democratic Socialism, the successor party to the former East German communist party, never saw the privately organized memorial as part of Berlin's concept to remember the Wall.
City officials plan to build a Cold War museum near the site while an official Wall memorial already exists on Berlin's Bernauerstrasse.