The Vatican is the seat of the Roman Catholic Church and its head, the Pope.
The Vatican within the tiny Vatican City State in Rome, Italy, is the official residence of the pope and the administrative center of the papacy. The term Vatican also refers to the authority and jurisdiction of the Pope. Armed and dressed in colorful Renaissance-era uniforms, the Swiss Guard has been protecting the pontiff since 1506.
Monsignor Carlo Alberto Capella is the first person to be criminally convicted by the Vatican for child porn. The ex-diplomat, also wanted in the US and Canada, was convicted of downloading and distributing material.
German bishops wanted to ease restrictions on allowing Protestants married to Catholics to receive Catholic Communion. But many conservative bishops denounced the move as a threat to the purity of Catholic identity.