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As pro-opposition demonstrators occupied Kiev's Independence Square for a third straight day, the European Union and Russia appeared divided over the Ukrainian election at a summit in the Hague on Thursday.
Former Polish President Lech Walesa, left, with Yushchenko
Following a meeting with the EU leadership, Russian President Vladimir Putin warned against plunging Ukraine into "mass mayhem" and said differences in the Ukrainian election should be settled in the courts.
"I am deeply convinced that we have no moral right whatsoever to push a major European state to whatever mass mayhem," said Putin, according to Reuters. "From my perspective … all claims should go to the courts."
Tens of thousands of demonstrators have occupied Kiev's main square since Sunday in protest of election results that gave the presidency to Russian-favored Viktor Yanukovych. Opposition candidate Viktor Yushchenko and international observers have reported widespread election fraud.
On Thursday, Yushchenko won a significant battle when Ukraine's highest court ruled against the publication of the election results. The ruling effectively blocks Yanukovych's inauguration.
EU, US want recount
The opposition candidate enjoys strong support in Western Europe and Washington. Former Polish president Lech Walesa traveled to the capital and appeared with Yuschenko at a rally. While EU and the United States have called for a recount, Putin reiterated his support for Yanukovych on Thursday.
President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, left, and Dutch Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende
"Both EU and Russia are keen to see a stable, democratic country … and therefore we need to ensure that what is done reflects the will of the voters," said Dutch Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende, whose country is holding the rotating presidency of the EU, following the meeting with Putin.
But Balkenende maintained that the election results should be examined by a team of international observers. He acknowledged that though the approach might be different, Russia and Europe shared a desire that the country not become consumed in a spiral of violence.
German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer has been on the phone with Yuschenko and outgoing President Leonid Kuchma, who favored Yanukovych, as well as with US Secretary of State Colin Powell and a few of his European counterparts.
Turning point in young history
Referring to Putin, Fischer said that everyone "must work towards a democratic and acceptable solution."
The fact that Russian and Western European leaders are weighing in the election show how important Ukraine is becoming as a bridge between Russia and Europe. Observers say the election could mark a turning point in the ex-Soviet republic's recent history.
Putin, who enjoyed close relations with the controversial Kuchma, came out repeatedly in favor of the outgoing President's chosen successor. Europe and Washington, on the other hand, would like to see Yushchenko, an economist who has promised to lead the country in a Western direction, in power.
On Wednesday, European Commission chief Jose Barroso said the future of EU-Ukraine relations depended on a fair election outcome.
"There will be consequences in the overall relations between the EU and Ukraine if there is not a serious, objective and balanced review of the electoral process and the electoral results," he said.
Opposition goes to court
Though exit polls on Sunday indicated Yushchenko had a lead of several percentage points over Yanukovych, the official Central Election Committee declared Yanukovych the winner by a slim margin on Wednesday.
Riot police officers guard the Ukrainian presidential administration building in Kiev
Yushchenko immediately protested as his supporters set up a tent city in front of rows and rows of riot police. In the freezing cold and snow, they put flowers in the shields of the officers and called for change.
Yushchenko's campaign team have already filed a complaint to Ukraine's Supreme Court regarding the conduct of officials overseeing the election. The estimated 3,000 international observers sent by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe have reported widespread voter fraud -- including ballot stuffing, and double voting by Yanukovych supporters.