The Chinese marvel at the calm of the Japanese people during the present crisis. In China, there is no such sense of security, and that is leading to large-scale panic as people buy up supplies of salt.
Shoppers mob a supermarket in China to purchase salt
Wang is a merchant who sells herbs and spices in Shanghai. Never before has she seen the mass panic that broke out after the nuclear disaster in Japan disaster. She says, "Salt is completely sold out – it all sold out this morning. On a normal day, I sell around 40 packets. Today I sold 200 packets before 10 am! Each customer wanted at least 10 packets, so I had to ration the salt, and set a limit of three packets per person. Enough is enough! I have finally put a sign up to answer the most important questions: salt and seaweed are sold out!"
The customers are buying salt because Chinese salt is almost always iodized. But is it really effective protection against radiation? And is radiation from Japan likely to hit China? State media is now trying to calm the panic by telling people that iodine salt alone is not enough to protect the thyroid from radioactive iodine. But these warnings have apparently not been heeded by Wang’s customers, although, when asked, they have difficulty explaining why salt is supposedly so important. One customer is simply confused:
News of Japan's partial meltdown has many in China very worried
"Everywhere people are talking about not being able to buy salt. Supposedly it is contaminated with seawater. But now people are talking about soy sauce. What is a person supposed to do? There are too many rumors on the net – how can TV possibly fight all those rumors?", he asks
Chinese state media have repeatedly reported that all 12 Chinese coastal provinces have been tested for radioactivity and none of them has had higher than normal levels. And there are many workers out taking measurements in the Pudong district of Shanghai, which is very close to the ocean. The local government has even started sending text messages to the mobile phones of journalists, telling them there is enough salt in Shanghai, no need to worry, no need to buy extra. But no-one is taking these messages at face value.
One man explains why: "There is a saying on the internet, it goes: 'a rumor becomes true as soon as an official denies it.' That is making people all the more nervous."
Iodized salt can help protect against radioactive iodine but it alone is not enough
Wang’s neighbor sells milk. She says, "I can understand people buying seaweed, because that has iodine in it. But why salt? I don’t understand that. There have even been customers who have asked me if I happen to sell salt. When they can’t get their hands on any, they start to panic. When they panic, they want even more salt. It is a vicious circle."
Wang has other, more domestic, worries. "I was selling the salt at the normal price – one and a half yuan per package. After everything was sold out, I heard people had been paying up to eight yuan for one packet! My husband was very angry with me."
But some people are willing to trust the government: One man in Shanghai says, "I believe the government. I think the chaos will only last a few days."
The Chinese government has demanded that the Japanese government give prompt and exact information as to the risk of radiation contamination from the nuclear plant. A further sign that the Chinese government is unsure about the scale of the disaster and the consequences.
Author: Astrid Freyeisen (sb)
Editor: Grahame Lucas