Germany's parliament has voted overwhelmingly to join the 60-nation combat mission against the "Islamic State" (IS) militia in regions of Syria and Iraq. The request came from France after IS terror attacks in Paris.
Chancellor Angela Merkel's coalition used its majority in the Bundestag on Friday to approve the deployment of up to 1,200 soldiers against the jihadist IS under UN and EU collective security laws. The mandate was endorsed by 445 parliamentarians, with 146 others voting no and seven abstaining.
Germany's opposition Left party rejected the mission, saying it was too hasty and ill thought through. The opposition Greens warned that reconnaissance data gathered could be misused by nations involved, so far mainly in anti-IS airstrikes.
The deployment outlined earlier this week by German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen (pictured above) will involve six "Tornado" reconnaissance warplanes, a refueling aircraft, the German frigate "Augsburg" to help guard a French aircraft carrier, as well as logistics and command personnel and satellite links.
France's carrier the Charles de Gaulle is in the eastern Mediterranean and is to be visited by French President Francois Hollande on Friday.
The German mandate drafted by parliament's foreign affairs committee seeks "to prevent acts of terror" and would stay in effect until December 31, 2016.
It was not clear whether all 1,200 German military service personnel, including technicians, would be deployed or only a portion, leaving some on stand-by.
Mission legally covered, says Maas
Ahead of Friday's vote, German Justice Minister Heiko Maas had told Berlin's "Tagesspiegel" newspaper that he had no doubts about the legal legitimacy of the deployment under collective security frameworks.
"The German public can be certain: The Syria operation transgresses neither against international law nor against Germany's Basic Law (constitution)," Maas said.
"There are three resolutions of the UN Security Council against IS, which cover the submitted [draft] mandate. In addition, France can quite rightly cite the support obligations of its EU partners," he added.
During Friday's debate, the chairman of parliament's foreign affairs committee, Norbert Röttgen of Merkel's conservatives, told parliament that the intended mission was "legal and legitimate," saying it had been "forced" on Germany by the terror attacks in Paris on 13 November claimed by the IS that left 130 people dead and hundreds wounded.
Just before debate began Friday, Roderich Kiesewetter, the foreign affairs spokesman for Chancellor Merkel's conservatives, told Germany's parliamentary television channel "Phoenix" that a quick decision was needed in the wake of November's Paris attacks.
'Big error,' says Left
Former UN chemical weapons observer and foreign affairs spokesman for the Left party, Jan van Aken, told Phoenix that Germany's intended mission was a "big error" drawn up in only "three days."
Merkel's cabinet had endorsed the draft mandate on Tuesday.
Left parliamentary group leader Dietmar Bartsch told public ARD television that there were many other steps that should be taken, including international clamps on IS oil sales.
Kiesewetter said parliament would later focus on longer-term aspects of Syria's civil war which since 2011 has claimed 250,000 lives and displaced millions.
Broad support, says SPD
Thomas Oppermann, who leads the Social Democrat parliament group, which since 2013 has been part of Merkel's coalition, told public ZDF television that there was widespread support within Germany for the mission.
"The German [public) has a good intuitive sense that the 'Islamic State' not only threatens France, but instead the freedom of the whole world and ultimately us as Germans," Oppermann said.
Air strikes against IS were intended to halt its proliferation, he added.
Roadmap talks planned
On Thursday, UN chief Ban Ki-moon said a new third round of international talks aimed at ending the war was likely to be held New York on December 18.
Vienna has already been the venue for two rounds of such talks involving diplomats from 17 countries to formulate a "roadmap" for Syria.
ipj/ng (dpa, AFP, Phoenix)