German women seeking abortions at a late stage of pregnancy will be required to undergo a consideration period of at least three days before a physician can make a final decision, the parliament has decided.
Women considering later-term abortions will face stringent consultations
In the Bundestag vote on Wednesday evening, 326 delegates voted in favor of the consultation period which includes a doctor's psychological evaluation. Of the 612 parliamentarians involved in the vote, 234 voted against and 52 abstained. Parliamentarians also voted in favor of increased consultations and support for families with handicapped children considering a termination.
Currently, some 600 late-term abortions are performed in Germany each year.
The motion aims to reduce this number by mandating that women receive counseling from a doctor about the medical and psychological consequences of a late-term abortion. The doctor should also inform the patient about living with a physically or mentally disabled child, and point her towards other means of support.
A woman considering a late-term abortion would also have a three-day waiting period between the counseling session and the procedure to give her time to think about her options.
The new law also sets a 10,000-euro ($14,400) fine for doctors who fail to properly advise patients. After being approved by the upper chamber of parliament, the Bundesrat, it should come into effect in January 2010.
In a separate vote on whether the state should increase the depth of its data collection on late abortions, a majority of delegates rejected the plan.
Social Democrats still divided over bill
The Bundestag debate failed to get full cross-party approval despite the bill being passed
The intense two-hour debate in the Bundestag caused splits within the political parties, particularly in the Social Democrats' (SPD) group, where the final decision was still disputed at the end of the session. Some SPD members were pushing for a more flexible time of consultation based on a case-by-case policy.
The conservative parties, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and its Bavarian sister party the Christian Social Union (CSU), were united on the bill.
Despite several past attempts, the SPD and CDU, Germany's two coalition partners, have never managed to find a common position on late-term abortions.
A late-term abortion is a termination which is carried out after the 20th week in a pregnancy when there is a risk to the physical or mental health of the mother. Most late-term abortions are carried out when prenatal diagnosis reveals that the fetus has a severe disability.