The first successful ascent of Mount Everest (8,848 metres) after a gap of two years was recorded on Wednesday, the authorities confirmed.
Nine Nepali climbers, who work as mountain guides and icefall doctors, arrived on the summit as they fixed the ropes to the top for the others climbers to climb, according to Tourism Ministry official Gyanendra Shrestha, who is at the Base Camp. The arrival of the climbers on the summit, makes it the first successful Everest climb in two years.
Everest expeditions in 2014 were cancelled after 16 Sherpas died in an icefall avalanche. In 2015, another avalanche triggered by a 7.8-magnitude quake killed 19 mountaineers at the Everest Base Camp, prompting the cancellation of all trips.
A Chinese woman, Wang Jing, had climbed Everest in 2014 after the expeditions were cancelled. But her summit was mired in controversy, as she was flown over the precarious Khumbu icefall where an avalanche had killed the Nepali climbers.
The climbing window for the Everest summit is generally a few days in mid-May when the weather is favourable. A total of 289 foreigners and 400 Nepalis are attempting to climb Everest in the 2016 spring season. Most have been on the mountain since March, acclimatizing for the summit by making trips between the three base camps.
In 1953, New Zealander Edmund Hillary and his Nepali guide, Tenzing Norgay, climbed Everest for the first time. Since then, hundreds have climbed the mountain, while hundreds others have died on its slopes.
On Wednesday, the officials also confirmed the death of two Nepali climbers on Mount Makalu (8,485 metres), the fifth highest mountain in the world. They were found dead in their tent at an elevation of 8,300 metres.