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Zimbabwe kuidhinisha rasimu ya katiba

Wazimbabwe wanapiga kura leo(16.03.2013) kuhusu katiba mpya, ambayo itapunguza madaraka ya Rais Robert Mugabe na kusafisha njia kwa ajili ya uchaguzi mpya baadaye mwaka huu.

Zimbawean voters check their names on the voting roll at a polling station in Harare, Zimbabwe, 27 June 2008. Zimbabwe is holding the second round of elections this year with the ruling ZANU PF party led by President Robert Mugabe attempting to hold on to power for another term as the opposition MDC lead by Morgan Tsvangirai pulled out of the race early this week. EPA/STR +++(c) dpa - Bildfunk+++

Wazimbabwe wakipiga kura katika uchaguzi wa mwaka 2008

Chama kikuu cha upinzani nchini humo, ikiwa ni pamoja na chama tawala cha rais Mugabe cha ZANU-PF , vinaunga mkono rasimu hiyo ya katiba na kufanya wingi wa wastani unaohitajika kupitisha rasimu hiyo kwa kura ya "Ndio" kuwa na uhakika.

Shambulio dhidi ya wanaharakati na maafisa wa chama cha Waziri Mkuu Morgan Tsvangirai katika mkesha wa kura hiyo ulichafua kile ambacho , kwa viwango vya Zimbabwe, ni kampeni ambayo haikuwa na umwagikaji wa damu.

Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), leader Morgan Tsvangirai, addressing the media while announcing that he and the MDC have quit the country's bitterly fought run-off election, in Harare, Zimbabwe, 22 June 2008. Opposition leader Tsvangirai was quoted as saying the 27 June vote cannot be free and fair. The Dutch Foreign Ministry confirmed on 23 June 2008 that Tsvangirai has taken refuge in the Dutch embassy in Harare. Reports were emerging earlier on 23 June that the MDC leader may have taken refuge in the Dutch embassy after the MDC head offices where raided in Harare with scores being arrested including women and children who had fled the recent election violence by pro ZANU PF supporters and security forces. EPA/TAURAI MADUNA +++(c) dpa - Report+++

Kiongozi wa upinzani Morgan Tsvangirai

Licha ya kuwa maafisa wameyalenga makundi yanayopendelea demokrasia katika wakati wa kuelekea upigaji kura leo Jumamosi(16.03.2013) na kuwakamata viongozi wao pamoja na vifaa, vifo vichache vimeripotiwa.

Wafuasi washambuliwa

Katika shambulio la siku ya Ijumaa, wafuasi wa chama cha Tsvangirai cha Movement for Democratic Change, MDC, walipigwa wakati wakiweka mabango wakiwahimiza wapiga kura kuidhinisha rasimu hiyo.

Chama cha MDC kimedokeza kuwa shambulio hilo limefanywa na waungaji mkono wa chama cha Rais Mugabe cha Zimbabwe African National Union- Patriotic Front.

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe greets children at a children's party in Harare, Thursday, April, 17, 2008. Mugabe addressed hundreds of children on the eve of Zimbabwe's 28th Independence celebrations. Nearly three weeks have passed since the presidential vote. No official results have been released, and the opposition, which says Morgan Tsvangirai won, accuses Mugabe of withholding the results to stay in power after a campaign that focused on Zimbabwe's shell-shocked economy. (AP Photo/str)***Zu Stäcker, Simbabwe am 28. Unabhängigkeitstag - Krise zwischen Regierung und Opposition dauert an***

Rais wa Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe

Polisi walipuuzia tukio hilo kuwa limepangwa na kundi la wafanyakazi wa televisheni ya BBC, ambao pia wameshambuliwa, "kuionyesha Zimbabwe kuwa ni nchi ya ghasia".

Madaraka ya rais yatapungua

Katiba mpya itapunguza madaraka ya rais ambayo Rais Mugabe alikuwa nayo katika kipindi cha miaka 33 ya utawala wake na kuweka misingi ya uchaguzi mkuu ambao unatarajiwa kufanyika Julai mwaka huu, uchaguzi ambao utafikisha mwisho makubaliano ambayo mara nyingi yameingia katika matatizo ya kugawana madaraka kati ya Mugabe na Tsvangirai.

Licha ya kuwa mswada huo wa katiba unaungwa mkono na Mugabe mwenye umri wa miaka 89 na hasimu wake Morgan Tsvangirai mwenye umri wa miaka 61, hali ya wasi wasi kati ya waungaji mkono wa vyama hivyo viwili vikuu unatokota baada ya chaguzi kadha nchini humo zilizosababisha umwagikaji wa damu.

"Mashambulio hayo ni ushahidi wa wazi kuwa ZANU_PF inataka kufanya vitendo vya ghasia," amesema msemaji wa chama cha MDC Douglas Mwonzora.

Katika uchaguzi wa mwaka 2008 zaidi ya watu 180 waliuwawa na wengine 8,000 walijeruhiwa, kwa mujibu wa shirika la kutetea haki za binadamu la Amnesty International , na kuzusha hali ya kuporomoka kwa uchumi wa taifa hilo hali iliyomlazimisha Mugabe kukubali kugawana madaraka na Tsvangirai.

Zimbabwe's Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai addresses a meeting with representatives of civic groups in Harare on February 13, 2013 where he announced announced that the country will hold a constitutional referendum in March followed by elections in July, a timetable that will decide the fate of veteran President Robert Mugabe. Zimbabweans will be asked to vote on a basic law that would, for the first time, set presidential term limits and abolish the head of state's immunity. AFP PHOTO / Jekesai Njikizana. (Photo credit should read JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images)

Tsvangirai akihutubia katika kampeni za kura ya maoni Zimbabwe

Wengi wanaiangalia hatua ya serikali ya kuwakera wanaharakati kabla ya kura hiyo ya maoni kuwa ni hatua ya mwanzo ya kuelekea katika ukandamizaji mkubwa wakati wa uchaguzi.

Wazimbabwe watakiwa kupiga kura kwa amani

Mkuu wa tume ya uchaguzi nchini Zimbabwe , ZEC, ambaye ameteuliwa hivi karibuni , Rita Makarau, jana Ijumaa aliwasihi wananchi kupiga kura kwa amani.

"Tafadhalini nendeni kupiga kura kwa amani , hii ni sheria yetu kuu," amesema Makarau.

Kiasi ya watu milioni sita wanatarajiwa kupiga kura leo katika vituo vya kupigia kura nchini humo.

CHOMA, ZAMBIA: TO GO WITH AFP STORY: 'Zimbabwe-vote-land-farmers-Zambia' - Tim Carter (C), 47, a Zimbabwean born farmer in Zambia works on his Nkanga 1,200 acres tobacco farms, in Choma 25 March 2005. White farmers who lost their land in Zimbabwe are helping neighbouring Zambia shore up its tobacco and maize production while steering clear of political controversy. In the southern town of Choma, some 25 Zimbabwean farmers are leasing farmland to grow tobacco and maize for export and creating jobs for many poor Zambians and an 'outbreak of money', officials say. AFP PHOTO/ALEXANDER JOE (Photo credit should read ALEXANDER JOE/AFP/Getty Images)

Zao la tumbaku nchini Zimbabwe

Rasimu hiyo ya katiba ambayo ilitarajiwa kukamilika katika muda wa miezi 18 ilichukua miaka mitatu kukamilika.

Tvangirai , ambaye amekuwa akifanya mikutano karibu kila siku, amewataka viongozi wa kidini nchini humo kuomba dua kwa ajili ya nchi hiyo, ambayo ilikuwa moja kati ya nchi tajiri katika bara la Afrika lakini majaaliwa yake yameporomoka kwa sasa.

Mwandishi: Sekione Kitojo / afpe

Mhariri: Grace Patricia Kabogo

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