The East German secret police, the Stasi, often subjected inmates to physical and psychological torture to extract information. Arno Drefke was one of them.
East Germany made about 200,000 people into political prisoners. For the past 25 years, they have had the ability to sue for damages and have their criminal records expunged. Now an important deadline is approaching.
Nearly 30 years have passed since East Germany's homes for "difficult children" were shut down. It has taken this long for the former inmates to speak out about their ordeals, and, even now, they're not always heard.
The German chancellor's first stop as her re-election campaign resumes was a site from the country's Communist past - Berlin's Hohenschönhausen Prison. What message was she trying to send?
She investigated the crimes of the East German secret police for a decade. Now Marianne Birthler and architecture firm Graft are set to "unbuild walls" at the German pavilion in Venice next year.
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