The Berlin Wall was constructed by the East German government in 1961. It cut off West Berlin from East Berlin and surrounding East Germany.
The Eastern Bloc claimed that the wall was erected to protect the socialist state, the GDR. The West maintained it was built to prevent the massive emigration at the time of the Cold War in Europe. On November 9, 1989, as the culmination of peaceful protests in the GDR, the Wall was destroyed and removed. The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on October 3, 1990. Twenty-five years on, the Wall remains a distinct memory in Germany; here's DW's latest content on the topic.
On this week's show, we meet Iraqi Christians who are struggling to rebuild their lives after escaping "Islamic State" rule, and a Syrian journalist in Germany who is unable to return home. Plus, how scientists are using the impacts of climate change to make music, and the man working to keep Martin Luther King's message of love and nonviolence alive.
This year, the Berlin Wall has been down for as long as it stood - 28 years. In that time, there has been huge social and political change, shaping the lives of millions of people. But although the Wall no longer divides the country, is Germany as unified as its name? Tamsin Walker went to find out.
Artist Kani Alavi has experience with walls. When the Berlin Wall fell, the Iranian immigrant painted what would become the East Side Gallery. Now, as his countrymen are barred from the US, he invites Trump to Berlin.