The Berlin Wall was constructed by the East German government in 1961. It cut off West Berlin from East Berlin and surrounding East Germany.
The Eastern Bloc claimed that the wall was erected to protect the socialist state, the GDR. The West maintained it was built to prevent the massive emigration at the time of the Cold War in Europe. On November 9, 1989, as the culmination of peaceful protests in the GDR, the Wall was destroyed and removed. The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on October 3, 1990. Twenty-five years on, the Wall remains a distinct memory in Germany; here's DW's latest content on the topic.
Many visitors to Berlin take guided tours to see attractions like the Brandenburg Gate, the Reichstag or remnants of the Berlin Wall. But for those willing to try something a little different, a local NGO has started offering tours by former homeless people. They aim to show tourists another side to the German capital. Correspondent Daniel Pelz reports.
Concrete, separation, death - that's what comes to mind when thinking about the Berlin Wall. But a new exhibition presents the border between the two former German states from a different view - that of the guards.