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Environment

Organic produce makes strong showing at Berlin's Green Week

Organic and fair trade produce at Berlin's celebrated agricultural fair, International Green Week, are doing better business than ever, amid a dioxin scandal that has sapped confidence in conventional German farming.

Universal Stone stall at International Green Week Berlin

Green vendors have more customers than ever at this year's Green Week

There isn't a seat available in the food courts in the fair trade and organics section of the International Green Week agricultural fair in Berlin.

Waiters dash from table to table, taking orders for organic beer, pesticide-free pumpkin soup and fair trade, shade-grown coffee.

The food court is surrounded by stalls belonging to vegetable farmers, artisan bakers, spice dealers and ice cream vendors. Each stand touts its particular contribution to environmental protection, animal welfare or production integrity.

Patrick Hahnel, the co-owner of Spice for Life, chats with customers at his booth. "It's not just organic on the inside, it's organic on the outside," he said, flipping over one of the packages to show the blue angel eco-label.

He says his products contain no genetically modified ingredients or synthetics, and that the packaging is chemical free and biodegradable.

"We want to improve our little part of the world. Sustainability is a big word and you have to combine this with action," Hahnel said.

Food miles

Elmer Sech from the Federal Program for Ecological Agriculture and Sustainable Farming

Elmer Sech says we don't pay the true cost of our food up front

In a neighboring stall, a soap vendor describes his all-purpose cleaner to a couple who don't look convinced.

In the typical style of a trade show salesman, the soap vendor performs various cleaning tasks, scrubbing grimy sports shoes and stained kitchen tiling to demonstrate how his toxin-free cleaner works.

"People are becoming more environmentally aware and they are buying our products because they don't contain harmful chemicals, like in other products," he said. Despite the hefty 25-euro price tag, the couple is convinced and agrees to take two jars.

Not everyone is as easily won over. Ilsa Schweitzer is on her way to the livestock area with her children and passes through the organics section on her way there. She says she finds the prices exorbitant and questions the credibility of some of the vendors.

"These apples here which are organic, but they were put on airplanes to get them here. Isn't that a little hypocritical?"

Chocolate display at International Green Week Berlin 2011

This is only the second year of fair trade produce at Green Week

Food fears boosts sales

Germany's recent dioxin scandal, in which contaminated animal feed was sent to poultry and pig farms, may be part of the reason the organics section is seeing such good sales this year.

As details of the contamination made headlines, consumers flocked to higher-priced organics even though they cost up to two or three times as much as conventional food.

For Elmer Sech, from the Federal Program for Ecological Agriculture and Sustainable Farming, says the scandal has provided an ideal opportunity to raise awareness about the true cost of food.

Conventional food, he says, would be much more expensive if its price tag included the environmental and health costs of pollution and soil depletion.

"When I see two pounds of pork priced at just two euros, this doesn't reflect the true cost. Conventional pork production creates a lot of water pollution. We don't pay environmental costs directly when we buy food," Sech said.

He said the agricultural sector would only foot part of the bill for the dioxin scandal. "Our taxes will be used too."

Spice dealer Patrick Hahnel at International Green Week Berlin

Spice dealer Patrick Hahnel's product aims to be wholistic down to the packaging

Conscientious consumers

Organic stalls have been part of International Green Week for more than a decade. But this is only the second time that the event has included areas for fair trade farmers.

Dyborn Chibonga is with the National Smallholder Farmers' Association of Malawi. He has come here to convince food-buyers that they can participate in environmental stewardship and social responsibility schemes, while still drawing healthy profits.

He explains that in Malawi, and many other developing nations, farm workers typically receive a tiny fraction of the revenue generated by their crops.

Consumers, he says, have the power to change that. "If you care about the person who has produced this product, in order to bring it to your supermarket, or to your table, then you have to be willing to pay a little bit more," he said.

"It has been produced under conditions which are fair for workers, fair for the producer, and fair for the environment."

Author: Saroja Coelho
Editor: Nathan Witkop

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