In many parts of the world, agriculture has been marked by increased productivity. And yet, that alone has not been enough to eradicate hunger globally.
There's also been a backlash against the external environmental impact of conventional agriculture, leading to powerful movements in favor of organic and sustainable farming.
Agriculture is one of the major contributors to global warming - it accounts for about a quarter of greenhouse gas emissions. As the global population continues to grow, so too does our demand for food, and the need for land on which to grow it. So, how do we meet this demand and at the same time reduce our emissions?
This week marks World Food Day and the International Day of Eradicating Poverty. According to the UN, about 80 percent of the world's poor live in rural areas. Most of them depend on agriculture. Hunger kills more people every year than malaria, tuberculosis and aids combined. DW talks to Francesco Burchi, development economist and senior researcher at the German Development Institute.