日本“保岛”引发中国大规模抗议 | 德国之声 来自德国 介绍德国 | DW | 19.08.2012
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日本“保岛”引发中国大规模抗议

一些日本民族主义者不顾官方禁令,乘船前往有主权争议的岛屿(日方称尖阁诸岛群,中国称钓鱼岛),并在岛上插上日本国旗。事发之后,上千中国人走上街头举行示威,抗议日本活跃人士登岛行为。

(德国之声中文网)大约有150名日本民族主义者和政府议员在当地时间周六(8月18日)晚间乘坐20艘船只从日本最南部的石垣岛(Ishigaki)出发。

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日本“保岛”引发中国大规模抗议(音频)

他们的目标是强调尖阁诸岛群(中方称钓鱼岛)的主权。在出发前,组织者之一日本前空军司令田母神俊雄(Toshio Tamogam)表示:"我们希望向中国人和日本人传达,尖阁列岛是我们日本的领土。"在第二天凌晨,船只到达了岛群主岛附近。十几人跳进水里,一边喊着"加油,日本!"的口号,一边游向岛屿。

上岸之后,因为无法登上岛屿最高处,所以活跃人士在靠近岸边的一座山坡上插上了日本国旗。

Japanese activists wave the national flag in front of a lighthouse on Uotsuri island, one of the islands of Senkaku in Japanese and Diaoyu in Chinese, in East China Sea, Sunday, Aug. 19, 2012. A group of Japanese activists swam ashore and raised flags early Sunday on one of a group of islands at the center of an escalating territorial dispute with China. (Foto:Kyodo News/AP/dapd) JAPAN OUT, MANDATORY CREDIT, NO LICENSING IN CHINA, HONG KONG, JAPAN, SOUTH KOREA AND FRANCE

日本活跃人士插国旗强调主权

来自东京的市议员小坂英二(Eiji Kosaka)认为此次行动取得了"巨大的成功"。他表示,该岛屿显然是日本领土的一部分,那里还有典型的日本房屋。日本海上保安厅一直关注这20艘船只的动向,但是没有采取行动进行干涉。

北京、上海、成都、青岛、广州等城市均出现了规模不一的抗议游行。在深圳有上千人参加了示威。据中国官媒新华社消息,抗议者高举中国国旗,并推翻了一辆日本牌子的警车,损坏了一家日本餐馆。

中国之前向日本发出呼吁,要求日方:"立即停止损害中国领土主权的行动"。到目前为止,日本政府否认允许日本人士的此次登岛行动。

中日两国都宣称有该岛群的主权。日本表示,从1885年起,尖阁群岛就在日本的控制之下。中国却认为,在明朝时期(1368年至1644年),钓鱼岛就属于中国,被标记在地图上,在一本书里也有所记载。

Anti-Japan protesters shout slogans while they hold printed Chinese characters that reads Japan Get Out of Diaoyu Islands, outside Japanese Embassy in Beijing, China, Friday, Aug. 17, 2012. Japan has decided to deport 14 Chinese activists who were arrested this week for landing without authorization on Diaoyu islands, the uninhabited islands known as Senkaku in Japanese. They’re controlled by Japan but also claimed by China and Taiwan. (Foto:Alexander F. Yuan/AP/dapd).

中国多个城市举行了反日游行

岛屿争议在本周三(8月15日)有所升级,在当日有14个中国活跃人士登上岛屿,强调岛群主权,并以此行动对日本议员提出抗议。他们特意选择了8月15日,因为这一天是日本二战无条件投降日。在这些"保钓人士"登上岛屿后,日本海上保安厅逮捕了他们,本周五,中方"保钓人士"被遣送出境。

Chinese activists arrested on suspicion of violating the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Law at a disputed island in the East China Sea, known as Senkaku in Japan or Diaoyu in China, are escorted by Japan Coast Guard crew members as they disembark from a Japan Coast Guard patrol ship at a port in Naha on the southern Japanese island of Okinawa, in this photo taken by Kyodo August 16, 2012. Japan has decided to deport Chinese activists who were arrested for landing on an island claimed by both Tokyo and Beijing, Kyodo news agency reported on Thursday, a move that could ease tensions between the Asian rivals. Fourteen Chinese activists were arrested on Wednesday after landing and raising a Chinese flag on the rocky, uninhabited isles known as the Senkaku in Japan and the Diaoyu in China. REUTERS/Kyodo (JAPAN - Tags: POLITICS CRIME LAW) DIGITAL MASKING FROM SOURCE. MANDATORY CREDIT. JAPAN OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN JAPAN. THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. IT IS DISTRIBUTED, EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS. FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS. YES

中方保钓人士被逮捕

该有争议的岛群不仅有着重要的战略意义。据估计,该海域不但盛产鱼类,还拥有丰富的石油和天然气等自然资源。现在尖阁诸岛群(中方称钓鱼岛)的五个岛屿中有四个岛屿是私人财产,第五个岛屿属于首都东京。东京都知事石原慎太郎(Shintaro Ishihara)在今年四月份宣布,计划购买另外一座尖阁诸岛群的岛屿。日本驻中国大使馆警告,此举会更加激化两国之间的矛盾。

日本党首选举将集中在9月举行,有分析人士认为,为给选举铺路,日本首相野田佳彦(Yoshihiko Noda)欲向本国民众展现一个对华强硬的形象。

消息来源:德新社/法新社/路透社 编译:文木

责编:谢菲

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