新总理 旧挑战 | 德国之声 来自德国 介绍德国 | DW | 15.03.2013
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时政风云

新总理 旧挑战

中国人大通过毫无悬念的投票表决,决定李克强出任国务院总理, 让这位57岁的经济学博士负责掌舵世界上第二大经济体。而总理人选的最终确认,也意味着最高领导人权力过渡已经基本结束。

China's Politburo Standing Committee member Liu Yunshan (R ) and China's Vice Premier Li Keqiang attend the opening ceremony of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing March 3, 2013. A reformist member of China's decision-making Politburo, Li Yuanchao, is set to become the country's vice president this week instead of a more senior and conservative official best known for keeping the media in check, sources said. Li Yuanchao's appointment would be a sign that new Communist Party leader and incoming president Xi Jinping's clout is growing, a source with ties to the leadership said. Xi fended off a bid by influential former president Jiang Zemin to install propaganda tsar Liu in the job. Picture taken on March 3, 2013. REUTERS/Jason Lee (CHINA - Tags: POLITICS)

Li Keqiang

(德国之声中文网)预计任期为10年的李克强所面临的挑战包括引领中国经济以更均衡的方式发展,让内需以及中产阶级的扩大在其中发挥更大的作用。

执行主席严隽琪代表有"橡皮图章议会"之称的中国人大宣布了李克强当选国务院总理的消息。

在与会代表的一片掌声中,李克强起立后鞠躬,和刚刚正式上任的新一任国家主席习近平以及其前任温家宝握手。

李克强获得了与会代表2949票中的2940票。其中有三票反对,6票弃权。就像之前习近平的获选一样,李克强当选国务院总理根本没有任何悬念。

实际上,李克强、习近平以及其他最高领导人4个月前就已经掌握了共产党的领导权,而这里才是中国权力真正的所在地。

Xi Jinping (front), general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), and Li Keqiang, a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Vice Premier, arrive at the third plenary meeting of the first session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC) held at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing March 10, 2013. Picture taken March 10, 2013. REUTERS/China Daily (CHINA - Tags: POLITICS) CHINA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN CHINA

习李新政的轮廓将逐渐清晰

前方的挑战

习近平在制定政策方面比李克强拥有更多权力。从过去的情况来看,国务院总理是政府的脸面,特别在发生灾难,需要平稳民心的时候公开露面。

从官方的表面规定上来说,习李两人的任期为五年。但实际上他们掌握权力的时间预计为十年。

李克强上任之时,正值中国经济的高速增长已经逐步放缓,迫切需要从投资及出口型经济转向内需消费型经济。

观察家对李克强在担任副总理期间,帮助中国经济走出全球金融危机,推进经济结构改革方面所取得的成就予以了肯定。但就像其前任温家宝一样,李克强将要面对的可能依然是地方政府以及各部委带来的阻力。

来源:法新社        编译:任琛

责编:叶宣

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