开城工业园区即将复工 | 德国之声 来自德国 介绍德国 | DW | 10.07.2013
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时政风云

开城工业园区即将复工

朝鲜和韩国就开城工业区复工一事基本达成了一致。周三,园区的检查工作已开始。周四双方将进一步讨论如何进行下一步,以及今后怎样避免关闭园区的做法。

Vehicles carrying South Korean employees working at the Kaesong Industrial Complex (KIC), inside the North Korean border, head toward the South's CIQ (Customs, Immigration and Quarantine), just south of the demilitarised zone separating the two Koreas, in Paju, north of Seoul July 10, 2013. South and North Korea began working-level talks on Wednesday to discuss the normalisation of operations at the jointly run industrial park, including the resumption of facilities inspections, according to local media. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji (SOUTH KOREA - Tags: POLITICS MILITARY BUSINESS EMPLOYMENT)

南方车队过三八线

(德国之声中文网)周三上午当地时间8:30分,韩国代表团穿过划分南北朝鲜的三八线,前往位于北部的开城工业园区。一个半小时之后,朝鲜和韩国的代表团开始谈判。有关这次谈判,双方早在上周日(07.07.2013)经过16小时的拉锯会谈后达成了一致。

当时,韩国代表团团长、统一部官员徐虎(Suh Ho)说:"下一轮谈判将于7月10日在开城举行。会谈的议题包括怎样在今后避免中断开城工业区工程以及恢复该园区的正常化,当然前提是,双方都愿意这样做。"

朝鲜代表团团长、该国中央特区开发指导总局局长朴哲秀(Pak Chol-su)补充道:"南北朝鲜将先开始在园区进行设备检查。设备维护工作也将在7月10日开始,这样做旨在避免雨季造成损失。因此,韩国的技术和管理人员将来工业园区访问。"

在开城作业的近60名韩国企业的员工以及技术和服务人员于周三也一同前往停工的经济特区。今年4月9日,在朝鲜半岛气氛紧张不断升级的背景下,平壤撤出了在该园区的工人,由此南比合作仅存的最后一个经济项目被迫中断。

怎样避免今后不发生关闭园区的事?

政治方面,南北关系早已进入冰期,原因是朝鲜违背联合国的有关决议,继续推动核武以及导弹项目。韩国新任总统朴槿惠就职后表示,南北双方为缓解紧张必须首先建立信任。平壤同首尔间的鸿沟有多深,代表团人员组成难以达成一致可以让人窥见一斑。因此,在今天的会谈中,人们只谈开城。

Head of the South Korean working-level delegation Suh Ho (R) shakes hands with his North Korean counterpart Park Chol-su upon Park's arrival at the Kaesong Industrial District Management Committee in Kaesong July 10, 2013. South and North Korea began working-level talks on Wednesday to discuss the normalisation of operations at the jointly run industrial park, including the resumption of facilities inspections, according to local media. REUTERS/Korea Pool/Yonhap (NORTH KOREA - Tags: POLITICS BUSINESS) ATTENTION EDITORS – THIS IMAGE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY. NO SALES. NO ARCHIVES. FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR SALE FOR MARKETING OR ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS. SOUTH KOREA OUT. NO COMMERCIAL OR EDITORIAL SALES IN SOUTH KOREA. THIS PICTURE IS DISTRIBUTED EXACTLY AS RECEIVED BY REUTERS, AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS

南北双方的代表团团长

徐虎说:"我们得出的印象是,北方对解决开城问题怀有诚意,因此也付出了很大努力。"

开城项目牵涉大笔外汇,平壤政府仅从工人的工资一项每年就能赚取大约7000万欧元。韩国企业则从北方廉价劳动力上获得盈利,因此呼吁尽快复工。此外,韩国代表团团长徐虎还强调了另外一点:

"我们还集中精力讨论如何避免这样的问题再度出现。只有今后排除关闭企业的可能性,恢复开城作业才有意义。"

周二,韩国负责能源供应的技术人员已提前赶往开城,检查通电线路。整个园区以及工人宿舍都由南方供电。3个月停工期间,电力供应明显降低。

作者: Peter Kujath 编译:李鱼

责编:叶宣

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