希格斯和恩格勒获今年度诺贝尔物理奖 | 德国之声 来自德国 介绍德国 | DW | 08.10.2013
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希格斯和恩格勒获今年度诺贝尔物理奖

British physicist Peter Higgs (R) speaks with Belgium physicist Francois Englert at a press conference on July 4, 2012 at European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) offices in Meyrin near Geneva. After a quest spanning nearly half a century, physicists said on July 4 they had found a new sub-atomic particle consistent with the Higgs boson which is believed to confer mass. Rousing cheers and a standing ovation broke out at the CERN after scientists presented data in their long search for the mysterious particle. AFP PHOTO / FABRICE COFFRINI (Photo credit should read FABRICE COFFRINI/AFP/GettyImages)

希格斯(右)同恩格勒(2012年4月)

斯德哥尔摩

今年的诺贝尔物理奖授予英国人彼德·希格斯(Peter Higgs)以及比利时人弗朗索瓦·恩格勒(Francois Englert),以表彰他们对希格斯玻色子存在所做的预测。希格斯认为,该粒子对宇宙的形成具有重大意义,因此也被称为"上帝粒子"。2012年欧洲核子中心(Cern)的粒子加速器证实了它的存在。现年84岁的希格斯与80岁的恩格勒早在上世纪六十年代就从理论上预言这一粒子的存在。诺贝尔物理奖的奖金约合92万欧元。每年都在诺贝尔去世的日子即12月10日举行颁奖仪式。