启东爆发环境抗议,政府叫停排污项目 | 德国之声 来自德国 介绍德国 | DW | 28.07.2012
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时政风云

启东爆发环境抗议,政府叫停排污项目

今日,江苏启东市数千民众发起环境抗议行动并占领政府办公室,该市市委书记遭民众包围,当局调派大量警察及军警到场,当局承诺听取民意,停止项目,随后民众撤出市政府。

(德国之声中文网)据法新社、路透社等海外媒体报道,7月28日清晨6时起,江苏启东数千民众为抵制一家日资企业、既江苏南通王子制纸集团的废水排放计划,发起环境抗议行动,抗议民众占领了启东市政府办公大楼,并在现场搜出大量名牌烟酒、扑克牌甚至安全套,大量的文件也被抛出窗外,现场一片狼籍。

Demonstrators stand inside a destroyed office at the local government building during a protest against an industrial waste pipeline under construction in Qidong, Jiangsu Province July 28, 2012. Angry demonstrators occupied a government office in eastern China on Saturday, destroying computers and overturning cars in a violent protest against an industrial waste pipeline they said would poison their coastal waters. About 1,000 protesters marched through the coastal city of Qidong, about one hour north of Shanghai by car, shouting slogans against the plan pipeline that would empty waste from a paper factory in a nearby town into the sea. REUTERS/Carlos Barria (CHINA - Tags: ENVIRONMENT CIVIL UNREST POLITICS)

民众冲进启东市政府办公大楼

该市市长徐峰被民众强行套上抵制王子集团排污的宣传T恤,市委书记孙建华也被愤怒民众扒掉上衣,但他拒绝穿上,最后在警察护送下逃离。抗议民众称,孙建华为当时批准王子集团排污项目的主要领导人之一。

路透社报道称至少有五辆汽车、一辆面包车被推翻,有超过1000名以上的警察守卫在市政府办公大楼。至少有两名警察拖住示威者并挥拳殴打。大约1000余名民众占领市政府后,当局紧张抽调军警到场,但双方未发生大的武力冲突。在得到当局停止该项目的承诺后,示威者最后撤离了市政府。据现场网友最新消息,武警目前层层围住市政府。

事件的起因为日资企业王子纸业集团的排污计划,得到江苏省南通市的批准。工厂的污水排口在江苏启东,并直排上海水源地--青草沙水库。启东市百姓对此项目建设强烈反对,启东盛产海产品,民众担心该排污项目,毁掉当地的渔业经济和民众健康。

Local residents push over a police vehicle as they gather to protest against plans for a water discharge project in Qidong, China Saturday, July 28, 2012. The government in the city announced on its official website Saturday that the plans were scrapped amid opposition by local residents, who are concerned over potential pollution. (Foto:Kyodo News/AP/dapd) JAPAN OUT, MANDATORY CREDIT, NO LICENSING IN CHINA, HONG KONG, JAPAN, SOUTH KOREA AND FRANCE

多辆汽车被推翻

此前民众自发向政府请愿。但王子纸业发出公告称该项目为南通市承诺建设项目。但同时也有江苏网友曾对外表示 :"市政府根本没有诚意听取民意,教育局压制老师、学生;工商压制企业,民警、居委会压制普通百姓。",市政府让公众签署的"承诺书"被发至网上,该文件指参与抗议行动和集会为非法行为,要求市民不要参与。并在学校、幼儿园、工厂、单位发出要求民众不要上街的通告。政府态度激怒公众,正值暑期,很多年轻学生成为抗议行动的主力。

中国由于环境污染引发的抗议愈加频繁,由对污染的抗议上升至对地方执政者及中国国家领导人的不满,本月初,四川什邡90后学生发起抗议当地钼铜项目的行动,警方强力镇压并拘捕了部分示威者。

"要说进步,是民众在进步"

事件发生后,中国公共知识分子笑蜀、萧瀚等为中国当局保持克制态度叫好,中国知名评论人、四川作家李承鹏在事件发出不一样的声音:事件中一些人表扬启东市领导克制、理性,居然没出动装甲车和震爆弹。公民,你有点出息好么?巨大项目捂着盖子即要上马,市民扒掉你衣服是要真相;某几人 屋里拍脑门就定下,市民冲进办公厅事出有因;知道多少利益链条吗?知道长三角多少癌症村吗?要说进步,是市民在进步。"

A woman, with her face covered in blood, is helped by demonstrators after clashes with police during protest against an industrial waste pipeline under construction in Qidong, Jiangsu Province July 28, 2012. Angry demonstrators occupied a government office in eastern China on Saturday, destroying computers and overturning cars parked outside in a violent protest against an industrial waste pipeline they said would poison their coastal waters. The demonstration was the latest in a string of protests sparked by fears of environment degradation and highlights the social tensions the government in Beijing is having to deal with as it approaches a leadership transition this year. About 1,000 protesters marched through the coastal city of Qidong, about one hour north of Shanghai by car, shouting slogans against the plan to build a pipeline through the city that would empty waste from a nearby paper factory into the sea. REUTERS/Carlos Barria (CHINA - Tags: ENVIRONMENT CIVIL UNREST POLITICS)

示威民众

网友"行者张大祥"认为:"什邡、启东政府似乎隐晦的在传递一个信号,那就是你不上街我就不跟你解决,你只要上街,我就马上照你们的意思办。"

网友"郎心铁"也表示:"看看当地政府之前手机短信和私下里的那些恐吓言辞,还是且慢乐观吧!"

评论人袁伟东也发表"启东事件的启示",在文章中表示:"我们的政府号称是、人民的政府、,但如果一个政府口口声声喊着人民却不并为人民着想,那么人民反对、抗议就是天理所赋。"

"行动体现力量,谈判决定出路"

亦有人批评抗议民众扒光当地市领导的衣服是暴力行为,对此媒体人石扉克表示:"如果书记只是被市民扒下上衣换成抵制污染的文化衫,这是街头运动中官民之间合理冲撞的轻微失控,不应将之简单渲染成暴力。认可照片上警察的克制和书记的退让。总之一句话:退让不是软弱,行动体现力量,谈判决定出路;扒衣不可耻,打人才可耻,开枪最可耻!"

Police officers stand guard at the local government office building Saturday July 28, 2012 in Qidong, Jiangsu Province, China. Authorities in eastern China dropped plans for a water-discharge project Saturday after thousands of protesters angry about pollution took to the streets, in the latest of many such confrontations in a country where three decades of rapid economic expansion have come at an environmental price. (Foto:AP/dapd)

现场警力

对此中国维权律师刘晓原向德国之声表示,从现场传回的消息来看,民众对该市领导扒去上衣,并不存恶意羞辱之意,而是要他穿上另外的衣服。是在传达公众希望市政府听取民意并且停止该项目的意图,而民众很大程度上把市领导当作执政权力的一个符号或代言,因此民众的行为可以理解。

A protester stands in front of a lines of riot police officers Saturday July 28, 2012 in Qidong, Jiangsu Province, China. Authorities in eastern China dropped plans for a water-discharge project Saturday after thousands of protesters angry about pollution took to the streets, in the latest of many such confrontations in a country where three decades of rapid economic expansion have come at an environmental price. (Foto:Eugene Hoshiko/AP/dapd)

军警与民众的对峙

他也指近年风起云涌的环境抗议事件,应该让执政当局多一层思考:"政府应该接受教训,引进化工等项目时,应该充分听取民意,比如大型环保项目引进来,可以召开听证会;如果关起门来引进项目,现在民众的权利意识在增强,进行抗议也是正常的事情。"刘晓原也认为政府逐渐看到民众迸发的力量,包括什邝事件当局虽然采用镇压方式,但项目最终停止,而此次启东市当局部分接受了什邡的教训采取了较为克制的态度,但解决体制性障碍,还需要漫长的路要走。

作者:吴雨

责编:李鱼

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