中国略微提升稀土出口量 | 德国之声 来自德国 介绍德国 | DW | 22.08.2012
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中国略微提升稀土出口量

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中国商务部周三宣布少量提升稀土出口量。去年中国稀土的出口上限为30184吨,今年的出口上限将是30996吨,上升幅度为2.7%。这是2009年以来中国首次提升稀土出口上限。今年6月,欧盟、美国以及日本在世贸组织递交了调查中国有关稀土出口事宜的申请,此前,双方的有关磋商均告失败。中国开采全球稀土需求量的90%。控方认为,中国限制出口的做法是让国内工业受惠,而同时限制国外企业,因此不公平。但中国多次表示,为稀土出口设限是为保护资源以及环境,它是可持续性发展政策的一部分,因此符合世贸有关规定。2011年,稀土的国际市场价格猛升后,需求量降低,中国规定的出口总量只被用去62%。