The German and Italian presidents have paid a joint visit the site of a World War II massacre. In the Tuscan village of Sant'Anna di Stazzema, SS Troops killed more than 500 people in the space of a few hours.
Germany is marking the 80th anniversary of attacks on Jews that foreshadowed the Holocaust. November 9 has been a fateful date for Germany in other regards as well.
The French president has praised Philippe Petain as a WWI hero, "shocking" France's Jewish leaders. Petain later collaborated with the Nazis and was responsible for the deportation and death of tens of thousands of Jews.
The question of World War II reparations is still open, and Germany should pay up, says historian Karl Heinz Roth. But Poland, Greece and other countries would have to cooperate.
100 years ago, the horror ended on the battlefields of the First World War. The cinema has captured these memories — in famous feature films and in a documentary sensation.
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