The changes brought by the end of World War I were perhaps more strongly felt in the Middle East than anywhere else in the world. The resulting arbitrary borders, lack of democratic structures and mistrust of the West meant a peace to end all peace.
Tens of thousands of people gathered in Australia, New Zealand and Turkey to commemorate WWI soldiers killed at Gallipoli. Britain's Prince William marked the event in Auckland before heading to Christchurch.
On September 21, church bells will ring out throughout the whole of Europe in remembrance of the end of WWI. During the war many bells were melted down into artillery guns. The pain of this loss united the people.
The German Reich provided the Ottoman Empire with the weapons to carry out the Armenian genocide, a new report claims. Prussian officers also laid the "ideological foundations" for the massacre, according to the author.
The Kurds have every right to declare independence. However, the referendum only makes the situation in the Middle East that much more volatile. All sides need to stand down, writes Matthias von Hein.
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