The Somali capital Mogadishu was once called the 'Pearl of the Indian Ocean'. The country's beaches and historical sites formerly drew international visitors, but decades of civil war ended that. Now Somalia is trying to rebuild its tourism sector.
Twenty years ago, Arab jihadists attacked US embassies in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam. Since then, terrorism has been taking root in East Africa. But the perpetrators and their aims have changed.
When civil war broke out in Somalia, Ali Hassan Suufi and his wife fled to Yemen. But after the Yemeni Civil War began they returned to their home country, which had been ravaged by terror and poverty.
Armed men have entered the Red Cross compound in Somalia's capital Mogadishu and abducted a German nurse, officials say. The incident was quickly blamed on the extremist group Al-Shabaab which operates in the area.
Thousands returned to the site of the country's worst terror attack six days later. The US has stepped up the number of drone strikes inside Somalia since the beginning of the year.
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