The EU says the migration pact with Africa is a completely new initiative. However, Ludger Schadomsky comments that it aims only to prevent people traveling to Europe, rather than reshaping patterns of migration.
So now they're adopting a carrot-and-stick approach, or as the EU Commission formulated it rather more elegantly on Tuesday: "a mix of positive and negative incentives." The EU's foreign affairs and security policy representative, Federica Mogherini, even described the migration pact presented in Strasbourg as a "Copernican revolution" in the EU's refugee policy. It's also true that Copernicus' revolutionary ideas were only understood by others 200 years after his death.
This pact, which masquerades as a master plan, is in fact an admission that the EU's refugee policy so far has failed miserably, particularly where Africa is concerned. There's no lack of projects and plans, with illustrious names like Khartoum Process or Valletta Declaration, that are supposed to stem the flow of migrants. Unfortunately, they're not working in the slightest. "Engagement" with Libya is to be "intensified"? Hasn't the Libyan foreign minister just declared that the country wouldn't take refugees back under any circumstances? And which of the many little Libyas in the failed state of the post-Gadhafi era are they talking about? No – it's not the Europeans who are wielding the stick, but the potentates in Africa, who are now unashamedly using the flow of refugees as a bargaining chip.
Africa is happy to let the migrants leave
Brussels has still not understood that its supposed "partners" in Africa have no interest whatsoever in stopping the migrants, the majority of whom are young men. Quite the opposite: In Eritrea, high-ranking members of the military are, according to reliable sources, earning good money trafficking people out of their own country. Many in Somalia, as well as the extremely corrupt political class there, are only surviving thanks to money transfers home from the diaspora. Elsewhere, too, African rulers are only too happy to bid farewell to young unemployed people and potential troublemakers.
Tuesday's supposedly Copernican idea from the migration technocrats – to strengthen economic development in the migrants' homelands and transit countries, and give people prospects for a future there – is as old as development aid in Africa. And that has failed spectacularly.
For the EU to now threaten states with loss of trade if they are unwilling to cooperate is verging on the grotesque. After all, the EU's grossly unfair trade policies are part of the reason why hundreds of thousands of African farmers and fishermen have abandoned their homes and are trying to reach Europe.
Deprive the smugglers of business
Yet useful proposals are already on the table: EU asylum centers in North Africa and the Sahel are supposed to starve smugglers of business and prevent people from making the lethal journeys across the sea. Or the so-called "Blue Card" initiative for recruiting qualified personnel – albeit to only a limited extent, because it encourages a brain drain away from Africa.
But the bitter truth, stripped of idealism, is that Europe's refugee policy is a policy of fending off refugees. It's an ill-fated and unworthy thing, poorly cobbled together and mercilessly laying bare the deep divides within the confederation of states. So money is being thrown at the problem – and even that is not flowing as arranged. An emergency fund of 1.8 billion euros was agreed on at the end of 2015. So far, the 28 EU states have paid in just 80 million.
Tuesday's proclamation announced another eight billion euros by 2020 – but only the Commission knows where that money will come from. The great Copernicus must surely be turning in his grave at the EU's desperate politics of symbolism, and Federica Mogherini's misappropriation of his name.
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