It's sometimes referred to as the first genocide of the 20th century: Germany's shameful colonial past in Namibia.
Years of protest by indigenous peoples eventually led the city of Los Angeles to remove a statue of Christopher Columbus, reigniting heated debate on both sides of the Atlantic over Spanish genocide in Latin America.
The German government has handed over the remains of indigenous men and women killed during the colonial era. Namibian activists have called on Berlin to apologize for massacring thousands and provide reparations.
Germany's decision to return colonial-era human remains to Namibia is an important step toward reconciliation. But the gesture is worthless without an apology for the country's genocide in Africa, says DW's Daniel Pelz.
Namibia's Herero people have filed a lawsuit in the US against Germany over a genocide in the early 20th century. The case, which got underway on Tuesday, shows how Germany is still struggling with its colonial past.
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