Manchester is famous for its industrial heritage. What is perhaps less known about the city is its happening music scene. How will Manchester's night life cope with the aftermath of the terror attack?
The suicide attack after US pop star Ariana Grande's concert on Monday sent shockwaves throughout the world. More than 20 people were killed at the Manchester Arena and many concert-goers were seriously injured. Many of the victims were children and teenagers who just wanted to get a glimpse of the idol. What does this terrible tragedy mean for Manchester's trendy music scene?
Entertainment in the North of England
The Manchester Arena is the city's largest event venue, seating 21,000 people. Many of the greatest stars in the world have performed at this concert venue, including Madonna, Rihanna and U2. But there are numerous other spots across the city for music lovers as well, including concert halls and night clubs.
The Manchester Opera House and the Palace Theatre highlight classical music from opera to ballet, hosting, among others the BBC Philharmonic Orchestra. But contemporary sounds also have their homes in the northern city.
Back in the 1980s, one of the most popular clubs in Manchester was known as The Hacienda, which did its part in earning Manchester its nickname, "Madchester."
Nowadays, other clubs such as the Night and Day Café, and The Deaf Institute keep clubbers up all night long, as well as the live-music venue Gorilla and the"LiquorStore night club, both on Whitworth Street, where numerous other bars and the nearby gay scene on Canal Street form an entertainment hub.
Some of the best music
Manchester is steeped in a musical tradition, with many of the major British musical success stories of that past decades originating from there.
Whether pop music, punk or new wave, there's a bit of everything that has its roots in Manchester. In 1963, The Hollies started off here. Three years later, Barclay James Harvest started experimenting with music for the first time in Manchester.
In the 1980s, we have Simply Red and in the 1990s Oasis, The Chemical Brothers and Take That - the most popular European boyband of all times. Not to mention the Bee Gees, who spent their childhood in Manchester as well before moving to Australia in 1958.
The show must go on
Whether Manchester's party scene will change or not after the terror attack is yet to be seen.
Led by Ariana Grande herself,many stars have taken to social media to express their shock and grief at the attack. She tweeted that she felt "broken" after the event.
Ellie Goulding sent her "love to the families who have been affected" and Celine Dion wrote in both French and English "I am with you."
DJ Dave Haslam, who has played on more than 400 occasions at the Hacienda tweeted that "(y)ou've got the wrong city if you think hate will tear us apart" - a statement that with almost 50,000 likes and more than 16,000 retweets appears to have hit a nerve.
But locals also feel affected by the events and know that the attack will cast a long shadow. Aisha Ahmad, a PhD student from Pakistan at the University of Oxford, said that she will have those killed during the attack in her thoughts when she attends concerts in future.
In July, she's planning to attend a gig by Radiohead at the Manchester Arena, saying that "every rhythm, each little melody and every harmony will remind me of this atrocious act and its many victims. But I won't be afraid. It is important to not allow such horrors to take control."
Manchester became a major center of industry in the 19th century due to its proximity to the harbor of Liverpool. The growth of the city was led by numerous cotton mills being built just outside the city; the invention of the steam engine attracted further industrial complexes into the area. The population of the city increased as people flocked to work opportunities there. Today, Manchester has a population of about three million.