Authorities have upped security for Mali's presidential second-round vote after attacks during last month's initial round kept many voters away. Despite the situation, incumbent Ibrahim Boubacar Keita is expected to win.
Malians headed back to the polls amid tight security on Sunday, in a runoff election that pitted President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita against the country's main opposition leader, Soumaila Cisse.
Authorities deployed a 42,000-member security force, made up of the police and military, to try and prevent a repeat of the chaotic violence by armed groups that marred last month's first-round vote.
Election officials were concerned that fresh attacks would dampen turnout for the runoff, after several incidents forced about a fifth of polling stations to close during the July 29 preliminary poll — mostly in the lawless central region. In northern Mali, extremists killed the head of a polling station during an attack on the facility.
Just 40 percent of voters took part in the first round, which saw Keita win 41 percent support against nearly 18 percent for Cisse, a former finance minister.
"We traveled the whole country, and we noticed everywhere a strong desire for change," Cisse said. "Malians want change, they want another future and hope. This is why I am happy to be here. I am happy because I am confident in the vote, which takes place today."
Keita is widely expected to win Sunday's vote, but will struggle to beat the 75-percent support he achieved in 2013
Keita wins new supporters
Though Cisse vowed to win over voters in time for Sunday's runoff, analysts said he had failed to unite the opposition behind him, after the most popular first-round challengers backed Keita.
The president is seeking a second term after beating Cisse in a 2013 election.
But the 73-year-old Keita faces severe criticism for his failure to dampen a wave of bloodshed and ethnic violence.
The main opposition has also accused his government of rampant corruption and voting fraud in July.
Concerns are mounting that militants — including those linked to al-Qaida and the Islamic State (IS) — have regrouped since an intervention by France in 2013, and are now expanding their influence across the desert north and into the fertile center.
More than 930 militant attacks were recorded in the first half of 2018 by the civil society website mAliLink, almost double that for the previous year, and triple 2015's figures.
Militants are also stoking intercommunal conflict, leading to tit-for-tat killings along ethnic lines, which have claimed hundreds of civilian lives this year.
Mali's leaders face pressure to strengthen a 2015 peace accord with Tuareg rebels, who had previously joined forces with extremist groups to seize large swaths of territory.
Meanwhile, security services reported on Saturday that they had disrupted a plot to carry out "targeted attacks" in the capital, Bamako, ahead of the runoff. Three people were arrested.
mm/ng (AFP, Reuters)