Lebanon: WhatsApp tax sparks mass protests | News | DW | 18.10.2019
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Lebanon: WhatsApp tax sparks mass protests

Protesters have vented their frustration at several new proposed taxes and other unpopular economic policies. Lebanon is in a state of 'economic emergency,' and one of the world's most indebted countries. 

The Lebanese government on Friday scrapped a a 20-cent (€0.18) daily charge on voice calls made through WhatsApp just hours after announcing it.

The move came after thousands of protesters took to the streets in anger at the state's handling of economic policies and the tax on calls made through the voice-over-internet protocol (VoIP), used by applications including WhatsApp, Facebook calls and FaceTime. 

Police and security forces fired tear gas at protesters as they tried to push through security barriers around the government headquarters. It was one of the biggest demonstrations the country has seen in years.

Telecommunications Minister Mohamed Choucair said that the 20-cent fee will not go into effect and that the Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri had requested the policy reversal.

Read more: Opinion: The power of informal networks 

Protesters in heavy smoke

Hundreds of protesters clashed with police and security forces, with some setting fires to tires to ward off authorities

Protesters demand change 

Despite the backdown, protesters continue to demand economic reform. "We are not here over WhatsApp, we are here over everything: over fuel, food, bread, over everything," said Abdullah, a protester in the capital Beirut.

"We are asking for jobs, for our rights, electricity, water, we are demanding education," said another protester.

Demonstrators gathered in Beirut's Riad al-Solh square, some waving Lebanese flags and chanting, "the people want to topple the regime" and "we need a revolution."

DW's Diana Hodali in Beirut said the city was "literally burning." Almost all major roads were "blocked by burning tires and garbage," she wrote on Twitter.

"The protests were sparked by the plan to raise taxes on VoIP," Hodali said. "But they are a culmination of recent shortages like bread and fuel. There is rampant corruption and a complete mismanagement of public funds."

Some demonstrators also caused damage to shops and street signs. The mass protest is the second in less than a month. 

The Red Cross said they transferred 22 people suffering from respiratory problems due to the police tear gas and that they treated 77 people on the spot for various minor injuries.

Lebanon's Interior Ministry said about 40 members of is security forces were injured while 60 police officers were reportedly wounded in the clashes.

According to local media, two foreign workers were suffocated by a protest fire that spread to a nearby building in Beirut and that rescuers were also in the process of pulling out bodies and dousing the flames. 

Read more: Lebanon faces race against time to avoid financial collapse

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Lebanon braces for austerity, in exchange for aid

'Economic emergency''

The Lebanese government had declared a state of "economic emergency" after the country developed a stagnating economy exacerbated by a financial crisis.

In another unpopular decision, Information Minister Jamal al-Jarrah had announced that ministers would discuss a bill to raise value-added tax by 2 percentage points in 2021 and a further 2 percentage points in 2022, until it reached 15%.

The government is seeking new ways to grapple its widening deficit. Lebanon is one of the world's most heavily indebted countries. 

mvb/rt (AP, dpa, Reuters)

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