German Navy captain and naval expert Klaus Mommsen explains why the Crimea, with its Black See port Sevastopol, is so important to Russia.
The activist has been awarded the European Parliament's Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought. Sentsov has demanded that all Ukrainian political prisoners be freed in Russia. Here are the main facts about him.
The economic measures prevent EU citizens and companies from investing in Crimea and Sevastopol. Russia's annexation of the peninsula in 2014 prompted the sanctions.
The German chancellor has said lifting EU sanctions on Russia is off the table until a "real ceasefire" is achieved in Ukraine. The bloc introduced the measures after the annexation of Crimea in 2014.
The US has accused Russia of implementing a policy of repression on the Crimean peninsula and called for the occupation to end. But three years after the annexation of Crimea, signs of Russia's withdrawal remain elusive.
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