The self-proclaimed "Islamic State" (IS) is a Sunni Islamist rebel group which controls territory in Iraq and Syria. It is also active in eastern Libya and Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, among other places.
The United Nations has accused "IS" of committing human rights abuses, mass executions and war crimes. The terror group is known for its social media and web propaganda, which includes online videos of the beheadings of soldiers, journalists and aid workers. It is largely financed by income from the oil fields in Syria and Iraq, and private donations, often from the Gulf states Qatar and Saudi Arabia. DW's recent content tagged with "Islamic State" or "IS" appears on this page.
With the so-called Islamic State now defeated in most parts of the country, much of the fighting in Syria has died down. But for millions of displaced Syrians, it's still too dangerous to return. Battles betwen the rebels and government forces still rage in some cities, and those who fled fear they will be targeted. Anne Allmeling went to Syria to meet some recent returnees and hear their stories.