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India's Modi lashes out at protesting farmers

January 31, 2021

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has slammed farmers protesting government agriculture reforms. Recent demonstrations turned violent after farmers broke into the historic Red Fort and clashed with police.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi says his government is committed to modernizing agriculture
Prime Minister Narendra Modi says his government is committed to modernizing agricultureImage: IANS

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his Sunday radio address criticized protesters that stormed Delhi's historic Red Fort on the country's Republic Day.

Tens of thousands of farmers have camped on the outskirts of the capital Delhi for more than two months, demanding a repeal of new agricultural laws that they say benefit private corporations.

"The country was saddened by the insult to the Tricolor (Indian flag) on the 26th of January in Delhi," Modi said in his first public comments on a monthslong farmers' agitation.

"The government is committed to modernizing agriculture and is also taking many steps in that direction," he added.

Violence erupted on Tuesday during a tractor parade in the capital to coincide with India's Republic Day. Thousands of farmers stormed the city's Red Fort, and clashes between protesters and the authorities left one dead and hundreds injured. Since then there have been sporadic skirmishes between protesters, police and anti-farmer groups.

Farmers' unions say they were not responsible for Tuesday's violence, which was caused by a minority of protesters.

Delhi tractor protest rally

What are the protests about?

In September, India's parliament passed three controversial agriculture bills aimed at liberalizing the country's farm sector. They were subsequently signed into law, sparking farmers' protests across the country.

The government argued that the new laws will give freedom to farmers to sell their produce outside regulated markets and enter into contracts with buyers at a pre-agreed price.

The ruling Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) insists that the laws will fetch better prices and free farmers from traditional middlemen who dominate the trade. The government hopes that its new policy will double farmers' income by 2022.

Farmers' associations say the legislation does not guarantee the acquisition of farm produce at the minimum support price (MSP), thus leaving them at the mercy of corporations that are now expected to enter the country's troubled farming sector.

Opposition parties and some allies of Prime Minister Modi have called the laws anti-farmer and pro-corporation and called on the government to accept the farmers' demand to roll them back.

Earlier this month, India's top court put the farm laws on hold and formed a committee to resolve a standoff between the government and farmers over three farm laws.

Modi told opposition party leaders on Saturday that an offer to freeze the laws for 18 months still stands.

Government 'spreading lies'

A statement from the Samyukta Kisan Morcha (United Farmers' Front), a coalition of farmers' unions, said the government's "lies and violence is condemnable."

On Friday, an anti-farmer group of around 200 people hurled stones at protesters and damaged their tents. The group demanded that farmers vacate the area and said they had "insulted" the national flag during their tractor parade on Republic Day.

Farmers' associations alleged the group members belonged to a Hindu nationalist group with close ties to Modi's party.

On Saturday, authorities blocked mobile internet services at three protest sites to "maintain public safety."

Farmer leader Rakesh Tikait said the government was "in delusion if it feels our movement will be weakened" by suspending the internet.

"The more they try to crush the voice of the farmers, the greater this movement will become," Tikait tweeted.

Indian farmers held a daylong hunger strike on Saturday to protest against the agriculture reforms.

Indian farmers have held huge rallies across the country in the past few years to protest against the government's "neglect" of the agriculture sector amid increasing privatization.

More than half of India's farmers are reportedly in debt, with 20,638 committing suicide in 2018 and 2019, according to India's National Crime Records Bureau.

shs/mm (Reuters, AP)