Erfurt - Of Merchants, Churches and Treasures | Discover Germany | DW | 16.03.2013
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Discover Germany

Erfurt - Of Merchants, Churches and Treasures

Die Krämerbrücke zählt zu den bekanntesten Sehenswürdigkeiten von Erfurt. Als Teil der Via Regia, einer frühen Handelsroute zwischen West und Ost ist sie ein Sinnbild für den Aufstieg zu einem wichtigen Waren- und Umschlagsplatz im Mittelalter.

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The half-timbered houses that dot the historical district are a reminder of the city’s former wealth. Europe’s oldest preserved synagogue is testimony to the fact that there was once a thriving Jewish community here. It’s been standing for over 900 years. Since the Jewish community was wiped out in the pogrom of 1349, the building has served as a warehouse, a tavern and a dance hall. In 2009 it was re-opened as a museum of Jewish culture and history in the city. Along with Heidelberg and Cologne, Erfurt is home to one of Germany’s oldest universities. Martin Luther lived and studied in the Georgenburse, a renaissance building that served as accommodation for students, before devoting his life to religion. He joined an Augustinian friary in Erfurt in 1505. Erfurt is known as the Rome of Thüringen, thanks to its many churches. Erfurt Cathedral and the church of St. Severus are two that are well worth seeing.