For well over a century, researchers on Heligoland have been looking at the connection between oceans and climate. Now a new project is investigating how levels of salt and acidity are impacting wildlife.
During the annual wet season, Christmas Island gets covered in a seething mass of millions of red crabs. The crustaceans cross roads and scale cliffs to reach the sea and breed in one of the world's greatest migrations.
The UN's scientific body on climate change says the world could still stay below 1.5 C degrees of warming. Although impacts at 2 C degrees are likely to be more serious than anticipated, political action remains elusive.
Our planet has failed its annual physical — global warming is melting the poles, heating up oceans, making sea levels rise and contributing to extreme weather, an NOAA report has confirmed.
Forests, particularly tropical ones, are fundamental to the fight against climate change. They produce oxygen, store carbon and are home to millions of people and animals. Yet they are disappearing at an alarming rate.
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