欧美谴责开罗暴力 临时总统宣布大选时间表 | 德国之声 来自德国 介绍德国 | DW | 09.07.2013
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时政风云

欧美谴责开罗暴力 临时总统宣布大选时间表

开罗暴力继续升级。不仅德国以及欧洲政治家对局势表示担忧,美国也作出了反应。周一晚,埃及临时总统曼苏尔宣布将在半年里举行新大选。

CAIRO, EGYPT - JULY 08: Following a day of massive rallies against the ousted Egyptian President and an early morning shooting of pro Mohamed Morsi supporters outside a Presidential Guard barracks, members of the Egyptian military man an armoured vehicle as they guard a bridge near Tahrir Square on July 8, 2013 in Cairo, Egypt. Egypt continues to be in a state of political paralysis with scores of people having been killed and many injured in recent days as the Egyptian military attempts to restore order across the country following their ousting of Morsi. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

Ägypten Krise Proteste Auseinandersetzungen Islamisten 08.Juli 2013 Soldat

(德国之声中文网)埃及临时总统曼苏尔(Adli Mansur)当地时间周一晚间宣布了修宪以及举行新议会选举的时间表。按照该政令,埃及将在大约半年时间里举行新的大选。遭到自由派和左翼反对派拒绝的伊斯兰主义色彩浓厚的宪法将进行修改并由全民公投表决通过。开罗方面消息还称,曼苏尔的这项政令是支持推翻穆尔西的各政治团体商议的结果。

Egypt's chief justice Adly Mansour delivers a speech during his swearing-in ceremony as the country's interim president in the Supreme Constitutional Court. in Cairo on July 4, 2013, a day after the military ousted and detained Mohamed Morsi following days of massive protests. The ceremony, which was broadcast live on national television, came after the military swept aside Morsi on Wednesday, a little more than a year after the Islamist leader took office. AFP PHOTO / KHALED DESOUKI (Photo credit should read KHALED DESOUKI/AFP/Getty Images)

埃及临时总统曼苏尔

周一早上,埃及首都开罗局势升级。伊斯兰分子和军队之间发生冲突,据官方消息,至少51人被打死,435人受伤。埃及军方称,武装成员试图袭击共和卫队军官俱乐部。此前有传言说,那里可能是穆尔西被软禁之地。穆斯林兄弟会则称,和平示威者在清晨祈祷时遭到袭击,50多人被打死,数百人受伤。

多国表示担忧

埃及新近的骚乱引起国际社会强烈担忧。德国外长韦斯特韦勒对发生暴力表示震惊,并呼吁当事各方谨慎行事、杜绝任何形式的暴力。

英国外交大臣黑格表示,埃及迅速回归民主进程非常重要。土耳其外长达武特奥卢(Ahmet Davutoglu)在推特中写道,"我向埃及兄弟民族表示哀悼。"

白宫谴责暴力

美国白宫也在埃及爆发流血骚乱后首次表态。美国总统奥巴马的发言人杰伊暱(Jay Carney)周一晚向记者表示:"我们谴责任何形式的暴力以及煽动暴力的行为。我们向受害者家属表示哀悼并希望受伤者尽快康复。我们呼吁埃及军队保持最大克制,也呼吁示威者维护和平。我们同时谴责穆斯林兄弟会宣扬使用暴力。"

诸多疑问有待查清

CAIRO, EGYPT - JULY 08: Pro Mohamed Morsi supporters rally near where over 50 were purported to have been killed by members of the Egyptian military and police in early morning clashes on July 8, 2013 in Cairo, Egypt. The military, which took over control of the country from Muslim Brotherhood leader Morsi last week, has denied that they opened fire on the protesters and claim the shootings resulted after they came under attack from members of the Muslim Brotherhood. Egypt continues to be in a state of political paralysis following the ousting of Morsi by the military. Adly Mansour, chief justice of the Supreme Constitutional Court, was sworn in as the interim head of state in a ceremony in Cairo on the morning of July 4. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

穆尔西的支持者在共和卫队流血冲突现场前抗议

美国目前每年向埃及军方提供13亿美元。卡尼虽然强调,美国不会偏袒任何一方,但也表示,美国将继续向埃及军方提供财政支持。卡尼试图不对周一的事件做出评价。而埃及调查者和检察院则表示,他们将查清共和卫队所在地的屠杀事件应该由谁负责。周一晚上,军方公布了一段录像,录像上有貌似平民的持枪者从屋顶上向士兵和警察瞄准射击,并向其投掷石块和燃烧瓶。由于录像由军方提供,因此无法确定其真实性。录像上也无法看出周一晨的枪战是谁先开始的。目前尚有诸多问题没有答案。比如为何在穆斯林兄弟会总部发现了可用于制造燃烧物的易燃液体以及枪支弹药?谁是袭击军营的被军方称为恐怖分子的人?只有在临时总统曼苏尔的调查人员提交调查报告后,才可能将该事件的责任人绳之以法。

穆兄会呼吁继续游行

Egyptian supporters of deposed president Mohamed Morsi sit in front of barbed wire fencing that blocks the access to the headquarters of the Republican Guard in Cairo on July 8, 2013. Forty-two loyalists of Egypt's ousted president were killed while demonstrating against last week's military coup, triggering an Islamist uprising call and dashing the army's hopes for an interim civilian administration. AFP PHOTO / MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

暴力事件加剧了埃及的分裂

穆斯林兄弟会对曼苏尔的政令表示拒绝,并再次呼吁周二在全国范围内举行大规模游行,对军事政变以及共和卫队总部前的大屠杀表示抗议。极端保守的萨拉菲派在共和卫队前的流血事件后已宣布退出政府联盟。由于从本周三起是埃及穆斯林的斋月,新大选的筹备工作进展能有多快,目前尚不得而知。

来源:美联社、德新社、SWR  编译:乐然

责编:叶宣

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