意在强化网络控制 | 媒体看中国 | DW | 17.09.2013
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媒体看中国

意在强化网络控制

被刑拘的华裔美籍网络名人薛蛮子上周末在中国央视一段录像上“露面”,作自我批评,深表忏悔,敦促打击网络谣言。德语媒体指出,北京当局正强化网络清扫运动。

(德国之声中文网)今年8月被当局以涉嫌“嫖娼”和“聚众淫乱”罪拘刑的薛蛮子(美国名“Charles Xue”)9月15日在中国央视《朝闻天下》节目播放的一段十分钟录像中“露面”。这位有名的投资人、富翁和网络舆论领袖身着囚服、带着手铐,在录像中对着看守所的民警作忏悔,作批评和自我批评,赞同当局加强网络控制。9月17日一期的《法兰克福汇报》上记者发自北京的一篇文章就此写道:

In this screen grab taken on 15 September 2013, Charles Xue Biqun (Xue Manzi), Chinese-American investor and Weibo celebrity who was detained last month on suspicion of soliciting prostitutes speaks during a report to police in Beijing, China. Chinese-American investor Charles Xue Biqun, a popular weibocommentator who was detained last month on suspicion of soliciting prostitutes, has offered to work with authorities in their internet crackdown to help secure his release, state media reported. Xues pledge was carried across state media on Sunday (15 September 2013) in what appeared to be the latest attempt by Beijing to justify its campaign against internet rumours and Big V or verified online celebrities who can command millions of followers. Xue - known as Xue Manzi to his 12 million followers on Sina Weibo told Beijing police that he had made mistakes with his online postings, and held himself out as an example of the need to regulate the internet, according to a Xinhua report. The report featured prominently on major news portals on the mainland on Sunday. Xue told police in a Beijing detention centre that online influence had fuelled his ego, adding that he had misled internet users on various incidents.

薛蛮子忏悔

“看到这样的示众场面,老一代的中国人会相当不安的回忆起毛时代。当时,共产党便对那些真真假假的‘旁门左道者’采用了以‘批评和自我批评’闻名于世的这种手段。当事人被迫思考和忏悔自己的‘错误’,然后公开认罪,最后承认,党完全正确,自己决心痛改前非,要与党的路线彻底保持一致,党对自己的任何惩罚都是应该的。

“查里斯·薛的‘批评和自我批评’是中国宣传机器打击互联网上有影响力博主运动的一个高潮。新党首习近平8月份发出号召,要求宣传口重新夺回对新媒体的控制,要求党必须告诉‘干部和群众’何谓正确、何谓错误。自那时以来,对各种博客论坛的控制大为强化,成百万、成千万中国人在讨论平台上交换并非总跟政治有关的意见。在下达了强化新闻审查的法规和法令后,当局采用了让著名意见领袖‘以儆效尤’的手段。……

“薛绝不是在多多少少施压后表示信服国家宣传机器意见的唯一一个著名博主。同样拥有大量拥趸的博客—北京房地产业主潘石屹也受邀在国家电视台接受‘采访’。这位从来不乏自信的企业家表现出一副猥琐样,在面对摄像机谈到自己也赞同政府对互联网采取监控措施时,他竟结巴起来。……

“对所有博主而言,按官方说法是针对互联网上传播谣言行为的新规定犹如一把达摩克里斯剑。……人权组织批评说,新规定用词含糊,任何批评官员的错误、或对政府有所不满的人都可以被追究,因而,它们是对言论自由的沉重打击。”

打击网络言论自由运动的一部分

《南德意志报》“政治”栏目上的一篇署名文章联系到北京、河南,昆明等地新近发生的多起著名博主被逮捕事件强调指出,“薛蛮子”电视“示众”是中共打击网络自由言论运动的组成部分,目的在于保障党在互联网中的话语权:

A young man uses a computer at an Internet bar in Beijing on September 8, 2011. Beijing has moved to stem a tide of online criticism by tightening its grip on China's hugely popular microblogs, but experts say it will struggle to control the country's online masses. AFP PHOTO / LIU JIN (Photo credit should read LIU JIN/AFP/Getty Images)

北京一网吧

“上周五,网民宣布当天为‘黑色星期五’,以抗议企业家和慈善家王功权被捕。王亦是一名富裕的投资人,一个佛教徒,一个广受欢迎的博主,而他首先是一个真正致力于实现公民权利的人。他是‘新公民运动’之友。该运动明确要求建立法治国家和公民社会。在其成员今夏公开要求党政干部公示个人财产后,该运动的创始人许志永于7月份被逮捕。当月,王功权在接受香港‘南华早报’采访时曾表示,‘没有违法,没有恶意。我有什么好害怕的?’”

摘编:凝炼
责编:李鱼

[摘编自其它媒体,不代表德国之声观点]

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