Two young Berlin Turks protested publicly against so-called honor killings. Besides positive reactions and media interest, they also reaped tense responses from family members and schoolmates.
Saithan (left) and Sinan (right) took a stand -- publicly
Journalist Güner Y. Balci initiated a postcard campaign against so-called honor killings in the Berlin girls' club "MaDonna," in early 2005, after a young Turkish woman was killed on the streets of Berlin by her brother. Balci asked young people to let themselves be photographed for it. Seventeen-year-old Sinan and his one year younger friend Saithan immediately agreed.
They thought it was important to publicly set an example against violence and repression. "Honor is fighting for my sister's freedom!" read the slogan on the postcard, of which 20,000 were printed and circulated last year.
The boys didn't inform their families. They assumed that their parents and relatives would not find out about it. But when the first article about the campaign appeared in the spring of 2005, media interest grew. In autumn, Saithan and Sinan won the taz newspaper's "Panther Prize," an award for civil courage.
The German and European press celebrated Saithan and Sinan as heroes, and media outlets asked them to appear on TV. At the same time they were forced to deal with the ambivalent reactions of those around them.
Suspicious of publicity
Their parents discovered what their sons were doing by chance, when they appeared on a television show.
"Sinan's father thought Sinan was celebrating my birthday at my place," Saithan explained. "And my parents thought I was invited to a birthday party at Sinan's. Then they suddenly saw us on the TV screen."
Saithan was lucky. His parents were not enthusiastic about their son's presence in the media, but they agreed with his engagement. "My mother is proud of me."
Balci was inspired by a Swedish campaign to start the project
More campaigns planned
This year the campaign, inspired by a similar campaign by Muslim youth in Sweden, will continue across Germany. The postcards will eventually also be printed in Arabic and Turkish and distributed in male domains, such as cafes and sports clubs. A poster campaign is also planned.
"We have to make it clear that these murders have nothing to do with religious duty," said Balci. Many Muslims are not aware that forced marriages and honor killings come from archaic, pre-Islamic traditions.
A television feature about Saithan is being planned for this year, which Balci is involved in realizing. "We want to follow Saithan around in his everyday life and take a look at the personal circumstances in which he and many young migrants grow up."
It remains to be seen how Saithan will hold up in front of the camera. He is reticent, even a bit shy. When asked if he'd like to continue to speak out against violence and injustice, he replied, after thinking for a while: "Actually, yes. I'd like that." He wants to become a lawyer one day -- so he could always speak out for justice.
German carmaker Volkswagen has said the overwhelming majority of its roughly 11 million cars with built-in defeat devices were sold across Europe. The company again apologized for the "wrongdoing of individuals."
Two Air France mangers whose shirts were ripped off by activists have scaled a fence and fled under police protection after protesters stormed the airline's HQ. The demonstration was against proposed layoffs.
The OECD has presented its plan for eliminating tax loopholes for multinational corporations. Companies will have a much harder time avoiding a full tax bill from now on, the OECD's Achim Pross tells DW.