Germany's Turkish diaspora has been assured that it is part of the fabric of the nation despite difficult relations between Berlin and Ankara. A letter by Germany's foreign minister has been published in a newspaper.
In an open letter published in German and Turkish in Germany's mass circulation newspaper Bild, Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel underlined that Germany fully welcomes the some 3 million individuals of Turkish descent who live in the country, describing the friendship between Germans and resident Turks as a "great treasure."
His penned words came less than 48 hours after Germany announced a major shift in policy towards Turkey that had been spurred by the jailing by a court in Istanbul of several human rights activists - including German national Peter Steudtner. Turkey has accused Steudtner of what Germany says are trumped-up charges of connections to a terrorist organization.
Ankara also this week published a list implicating dozens of German companies and individuals that it said have links to the network of US-based cleric Fethullah Gulen, which it blames for last July's failed coup in Turkey.
Despite a worsening row, Gabriel told Turks in Germany: "We have always been committed to good relations with Turkey because we know that a good relationship between Germany and Turkey is important to you."
However, he said, the German government could not stand idly by while German nationals were innocently arrested: "We must protect our citizens."
But he went on to say: "However difficult the political relations between Germany and Turkey, one thing is clear: You, people of Turkish roots in Germany belong here with us, whether you have a German passport or not."
Gabriel on Friday said he was "reorienting" Germany's policy towards Turkey following this week's controversial events, and issued a more severe travel advisory in light of the "heightened danger" faced by German travelers to the country.
In a TV interview on public broadcast ZDF, he later added that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was actively persecuting remaining critics and opposition voices, silencing them by having them incarcerated, saying this was all the more reason to recalibrate Germany's outlook toward Turkey.
Economic aid and export guarantees for Turkey are to be reviewed under the changes, Gabriel said. The German foreign minister also vowed to pressure the EU on its aid commitment to Turkey, which has been in talks to join the bloc for years.
Gabriel accused Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of "abandoning key European values" by detaining the activists and in his response to the failed putsch, which saw more than 50,000 people jailed pending trial and 150,000 dismissed or suspended from their jobs including soldiers, police officers, teachers, judges and other public servants.
Human rights consultant Peter Steudtner has become the latest German national to be held by Turkish authorities. Journalists Deniz Yucel and Mesale Tolu are also behind bars indefinitely on similar allegations of links to terror groups.
In an apparent slap back at Germany, an Istanbul court on Friday issued arrest warrants for four human rights activists who had been previously detained but then released as part of the controversial arrests from earlier this week that triggered the latest crisis.
Hidden tactics criticized
The Berlin government is also increasingly concerned at what it says is large-scale covert activity by Ankara's security services among Germany's vast Turkish diaspora.
The head of domestic intelligence said on Friday that Turkish influence operations were taking place in Germany, and some were targeting Erdogan's opponents here.
Bilateral relations previously sank to a post-World War II low after Turkey refused permission for a German parliamentary delegation to visit the country's armed forces stationed at the Incirlik air base in southeastern Turkey. Berlin then announced it was moving its troops to Jordan, a process which began earlier this month.
Germany has been critical of an April referendum which gave Erdogan permission to extend his presidential powers, amid worries about a weakened democracy in Turkey.
mm/jm (AFP, dpa, Reuters)