Xenophobia is the fear of everything that which is perceived to be foreign or strange. It affects the relations and perceptions of group of people towards another one.
It includes a fear of losing identity, suspicion of the other group's activities, aggression towards the other group, and desire to eliminate its presence to secure a presumed purity.
Fighting populism and xenophobia, and championing human rights is bearing fruit, according to Human Rights Watch's World Report 2018. France leads the way, Germany is a mixed bag, the US and Britain are falling behind.
An Australian MP accused of working on behalf of Chinese interests has quit parliament. Canberra is clamping down on foreign interference in politics but critics say it smacks of local politicking and xenophobia.
Saxony's integration minister Petra Köpping took office in 2014, around the time Pegida, which stands for Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamization of the West, started marching in the streets of Dresden. As many feared the rise of far-right nationalism, especially in Germany's East, Köpping wanted to understand why so many of her constituents were drawn to xenophobic rallies.
Support for the anti-immigration AfD has been eroding, but not in eastern Germany. The right-wing populists remain a force in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania, which has fewer refugees than any other state. How can that be?