Xenophobia is the fear of everything that which is perceived to be foreign or strange. It affects the relations and perceptions of group of people towards another one.
It includes a fear of losing identity, suspicion of the other group's activities, aggression towards the other group, and desire to eliminate its presence to secure a presumed purity.
Saxony's integration minister Petra Köpping took office in 2014, around the time Pegida, which stands for Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamization of the West, started marching in the streets of Dresden. As many feared the rise of far-right nationalism, especially in Germany's East, Köpping wanted to understand why so many of her constituents were drawn to xenophobic rallies.
Support for the anti-immigration AfD has been eroding, but not in eastern Germany. The right-wing populists remain a force in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania, which has fewer refugees than any other state. How can that be?
Gerald Asamoah was a star on Germany's national football team. Now he works with young people at the Rosa Parks School in Germany to promote tolerance and understanding, so that xenophobia and violence don't take root.