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Wreaths laid at Yad Vashem Memorial Center as Israel remembers Holocaust

Sirens marked the start of a state wreath-laying service at Jerusalem's Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial Center, as Israelis observed two minutes of silence in remembrance of the 6 million Jews killed during World War II.

In a brief ceremony marking the start of the day in Israel, six survivors lit candles in memory of the six million Jews killed by the Nazis.

Israel's annual Holocaust Memorial Day began after sunset Wednesday and lasts until sunset Thursday.

The country came to a two-minute standstill at 10 a.m. local time (0700 UTC/GMT), with traffic stopping in the middle of roads in cities and on highways. There were also ceremonies at schools, colleges and universities throughout the country.

Watch video 01:06

Israelis observe two minutes of silence

Netanyahu speaks

"Nazi ideology pointed to the Jews as the source of all evil in the world," Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said at an opening ceremony at Yad Vashem on Wednesday night, adding that modern anti-Semitism pointed to Israel as the source of all evil.

"Lies about the Jews and willfully false propaganda about Israel are being spread on social media - means Hitler and Goebbels wouldn't have dreamed of," he said. "Anti-Semitism didn't disappear with the death of Hitler in his bunker... propaganda in the Western world against Israel is no less poisonous than that of extremist Islam and the Arab world," he said.

People stand still as a two-minute siren marking Holocaust Remembrance Day is sounded in Jerusalem May 5, 2016.

People stopped what they were doing, including driving, for two minutes' silence

Hostility against Israel - not just in the Arab world, but also "among British MPs, senior officials in Sweden and public opinion-shapers in France" - had long ago "departed from legitimate criticism," he said.

Israel's rise from the ashes

Although the UN has designated January 27 as International Holocaust Remembrance Day, Israel traditionally marks it on the 27th day of the Jewish month of Nissan, one week before Independence Day, to symbolize the rise of the state of Israel from the ashes of the Holocaust.

Watch video 01:26

Former Auschwitz guard apologizes (29.04.2016)

About six million Jews died at the hands of Nazi Germany and its allies during World War II.

Yesterday's tomorrow

A 2015 study found that some 45,000 of Israel's estimated remaining 190,000 Holocaust survivors are now living in poverty.

Meanwhile, a research center said on Wednesday that there had been a 46-percent decrease in anti-Semitic violence around the world in 2015 compared to 2014.

Tel Aviv University's Kantor Center said it recorded 410 violent incidents in 2015, compared to 766 in 2014, the lowest number in the recent decade. But the center also noted a dramatic increase in non-violent acts, mainly anti-Semitic expressions on social media, which "turned more threatening and insulting."

Army figure rebuked

The Israeli army's deputy chief of staff has drawn a rebuke from hawkish Israeli ministers for comparing pre-Holocaust Germany to trends in Israel today.

People stand still near wreaths as a two-minute siren marking Holocaust Remembrance Day is sounded at Yad Vashem Holocaust Remembrance Center in Jerusalem May 5, 2016.

Israel's remembrance day predates the international UN one, observed on January 27

Maj. Gen. Yair Golan, speaking at a Holocaust Remembrance Day ceremony at a kibbutz in central Israel, said, "If there is something that frightens me in Holocaust remembrance, it is ghastly trends that took place in Europe in general, and in Germany specifically, 70, 80 and 90 years ago, and finding a sign of them here among us, today in 2016."

Education Minister Naftali Bennett called on Golan to correct his statement.

The Israeli military said on Thursday that Golan did not intend to compare Israel and its army to "the horrors" of Germany 70 years ago.

jbh/msh (dpa, AFP, AP)

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