The Republic of Turkey is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller part of Eastern Turkey in Southeast Europe.
The country is bordered by Syria, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Bulgaria and Greece. Turkey's location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a country of significant geostrategic importance. It is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage.
Syrian peace talks in Astana have concluded with Russia, Turkey and Iran striking a deal on a trilateral mechanism to safeguard the ongoing ceasefire. Meanwhile, the US has denied collaborating with Russia in Syria.
Turkey is set to begin its third state of emergency period, first declared after the failed coup. Thousands of people have since been detained or imprisoned. A referendum on constitutional changes may soon follow.
The joint attack is the latest example of Moscow co-opting a key NATO member as it tries to, again, become a superpower. Russian led peace talks are due to convene in Kazakhstan next week without the UN or the US.