Many black South Africans in the former homelands where they were confined during apartheid had hoped the advent of democracy 20 years ago would change their lives for the better. But most of them are still struggling.
Many people living in South Africa's former homelands were full of hope when apartheid ended. But they still don't have access to clean water and electricity.
Under apartheid, the center of Johannesburg was reserved for white South Africans. Many moved out when segregation was abolished and poorer black South Africans moved in. Now real estate developers are returning.
Soweto is one of South Africa's oldest townships. Formerly home to Nelson Mandela and the center of anti-apartheid protests in 1976, it now attracts tourists from all over the world.
South Africa's young generation was born after apartheid ended. The "born free" generation believes in Nelson Mandela's dream of a free and fair society and is pushing for a united rainbow nation - against all odds.
Many young people are frustrated with their current situation in South Africa. A group of young writers has taken on the task of expressing their generation's anger and frustration.
Johannesburg is still struggling with the legacy of apartheid. The battle to reverse urban decay in some districts and turn it into a prosperous city where nobody feels left out has only just started.
For almost 90 years, white nationalists repressed the black population in South Africa.
South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission is seen as a model showing how to redress injustice in the aftermath of a bruising conflict. For most of the victims of apartheid it has failed to deliver.
The new South Africa is 20 years old. The problems it faces are enormous, but there is still plenty to celebrate, writes Daniel Pelz.
Twenty years after apartheid, South Africa is still a work in progress. Photographers are documenting every step on the road to democracy.
No medium reflects the recent history of South Africa as poignantly as photography. The Museum Africa in Johannesburg is now showing a collection of stills telling the story of repression and liberation.