As Iraqi forces advance on Fallujah, IS plants booby traps and mines all over the city to keep civilians from getting out. The militants are using the people as human shields.
Human Rights group Amnesty International has accused all sides of potentially violating international law in the battle for Mosul in a report published Tuesday. The group has called for a commission to investigate.
A year ago the Iraqi town of Fallujah - captured by IS in 2014 - was liberated. When Judit Neurink visited the town, she found the scars of occupation still prevalent.
The UN organization said some children were being used as human shields and others were forced to join the fighting. The ongoing conflict in the city has intensified the problems children face.
Iraqi forces are creating safe passage routes for civilians trapped by IS by dividing the militant group's territory. Despite that effort, the UN said civilians under IS occupation face "almost unimaginable" danger.
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