As Iraqi forces advance on Fallujah, IS plants booby traps and mines all over the city to keep civilians from getting out. The militants are using the people as human shields.
The United Nations refugee agency says IS has placed residents in harm's way to try to prevent attacks on their fighters. Some 3,700 people have fled the militant-controlled city since Iraq lauched a bid to reclaim it.
Human Rights group Amnesty International has accused all sides of potentially violating international law in the battle for Mosul in a report published Tuesday. The group has called for a commission to investigate.
A year ago the Iraqi town of Fallujah - captured by IS in 2014 - was liberated. When Judit Neurink visited the town, she found the scars of occupation still prevalent.
Iraqi commanders say the army has begun a new phase in operations to recapture the city from IS militants, who have held it since early 2014. The current campaign to retake it began a week ago.
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