Islamic fundamentalist nationalist movement in Afghanistan which has its roots in neighboring Pakistan.
The Taliban (which translates as “students”) were in power in Afghanistan from 1996-2001 and enforced their strict interpretation of the Sharia law. Since the US-led invasion in 2001 and the toppling of the Taliban regime, the insurgents are again on the rise.
Germany's Federal Court of Justice has ruled that the state is not liable for overseas military operations. The claim had been brought by families of victims of a 2009 airstrike that killed more than 100 civilians.
The Afghan army launched a bloody counter offensive after Islamic militants attacked the provincial capital in the north of the country. By Tuesday morning the army was asking residents to stay home for safety reasons.