Nearly 400,000 people are on the brink of starvation in besieged villages and towns across Syria. But who is besieging whom is a question not always easily answered, as some towns are held by rebel fighters and others by pro-government forces.
Amnesty International says the Syrian regime has conducted unlawful sieges aimed at forcing civilians from their homes ahead of "reconciliation" accords. It accuses Damascus of using "surrender or starve" tactics.
Turkey has said it sent troops into Idlib province to help establish a de-escalation zone in line with the Astana agreement. Syria has rejected that claim, saying the presence of Turkish troops was at odds with the deal.
Aid trucks with food for 40,000 Syrians have reached eastern Ghouta, a rebel area besieged by President Bashar al-Assad’s forces for four years. But activists say its hardly enough for 350,000 inhabitants.
Syria's complex and devastating civil war has drawn in multiple foreign powers since it broke out in 2011. DW examines where four key countries stand on the conflict.
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